Reading Philo: A Handbook

My Handbook to Philo of Alexandria, published in 2014 is now available for Kindle at for $3.99! A terrible price for me, but a good one for you!¬† ūüôā

Have a look at Reading Philo: A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria
Publisher: Eerdmans (Nov., 2014). 362 pp.

“A contemporary of both Jesus and the apostle Paul, Philo was a prolific Jewish theologian, philosopher, and politician — a fascinating, somewhat enigmatic figure — who lived his entire life in Alexandria, Egypt. His many books are important sources for our understanding of ancient Judaism, early Christianity, and the philosophical currents of that time.
Reading Philo is an excellent introductory guide to Philo‚Äôs work and significance. The contributors — all well-known experts on Philo of Alexandria — discuss Philo in context, offer methodological considerations (how best to study Philo), and explore Philo‚Äôs ongoing relevance and value (why reading him is important). This practical volume will be an indispensable resource for anyone delving into Philo and his world.” (Publishers note).

Philo and De Abrahamo

weisenA new book on De Abrahamo!

Das Leben des Weisen

Philon v. Alexandria, De Abrahamo
Eingel., √ľbers. u. m. interpretierenden Essays vers. v. Matthias Adrian, Maximilian Forschner, Daniel Lanzinger, Heinz-G√ľnther Nesselrath, Maren R. Niehoff, Friederike Oertelt, Simone Seibert u. Nicolai Sinai. Hrsg. v. Daniel Lanzinger

2020. XIII, 334 Seiten.
In 2017 a volume of Philo’s De Migratione Abrahami was published in a series with the somewhat peculiar name (!): Scripta Antiquitatis Posterioris ad Ethicam REligionemque pertinentia XXXVI. This year another volume is about to be published (see above). Both as a hardback and as E-book (84,00 ‚ā¨).
With this volume, two very interesting German books have been published, dealing with Philo’s picture of Abraham. The other, published in 2017, was:
Abrahams Aufbruch. Philon von Alexandria, De migratione Abrahami
Eingeleitet, √ľbersetzt und mit interpretierenden Essays versehen von Heinrich Detering, Lutz Doering, Reinhard Feldmeier, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold, Heinz-G√ľnther Nesselrath, Maren R. Niehoff, Peter Van Nuffelen, Florian Wilk
Hrsg. v. Maren R. Niehoff u. Reinhard Feldmeier
2017. XIII, 292 pages. SAPERE XXX.
Both volumes subscribe to a great extent to Maren R. Niehoff’s view of Philo, especially her chronology description of Philo’s work. She is also a participating author in both volumes.
In addition, her great volume on Philo (Philo of Alexandria. An Intellectual Biography. Yale University Press, 2018), has now also been translated and published in German by Mohr Siebeck:
Niehoff, Maren R.
Philon von Alexandria
Eine intellektuelle Biographie
√úbersetzt von Claus-J√ľrgen Thornton und Eva Tyrell
Mohr Siebeck, 2019. XIII, 346 pages.
It looks like there might be a growing interest in Philo in Germany!

Bibliographia Borgeniana

This post contains a comprehensive Bibliography of Professor Peder J. Borgen for the years of 1949 to 2018. Borgen was 92 last January, but there might still come an article or two; I know he is working on something! ūüôā¬†

The bibliography is originally written for Norwegian readers, and contains a few Norwegian terms; Red=abbr. for editor;  i=in; s=p =page. Articles in Newspapers are not included.

Articles and books by Peder Borgen 1949-2018 (books are given i bold types)

(1949). Festskrift ved Lillestr√łm Metodistmenighets 50-√•rs jubileum 3-9-1949. Utarbeidet av stud. teol. Peder Borgen. Lillestr√łm Blads Trykkeri.

Borgen, P. (1956). Eschatology and Heilsgeschichte in Luke-Acts. PhD Dissertation, Drew University, New Jersey, USA. (Arkivutgave; upublisert).

Borgen, P. (1959). The Unity of the Discourse in John 6. Zeitschrift f√ľr die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der √§lteren Kirche 50, 277-278

Borgen, P. (1959a). John and the Synoptics in the Passion Narrative. New Testament Studies 5, 246-259.

Borgen, P. (1960). Br√łd fra himmel og fra jord. Om Haggada i Palestinsk Midrasj, hos Philo og i Johannesevangeliet. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift¬†61,¬†318-240.

Borgen, P. (1961). At the Age of Twenty in I QSa. Revue de Qumran 3, 267-277

Borgen, P. (1963). Observations on the Midrashic Character of John 6. Zeitschrift f√ľr die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der √§lteren Kirche 54, 232-240.

Borgen, P. (1965). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. Supplements to Novum Testamentum: Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1966). Den såkalte Gyldne Regel (Matt. 7:12, Luk. 6:31), dens forekomst i Det nye testamentes omverden og dens innhold i evangelienes kontekst. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 67, 129-46.

Borgen, P. (1966a). Von Paulus zu Lukas. Beobachtungen zur Erhellung der Theologie der Lukasschriften. Studia Theologica 20, 140-57.

Borgen, P. (1968). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel. I Neusner, J. (Red.). Religions in Antiquity. E. R. Goodenough Memorial Volume (s. 137-148). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1969). Eine allgemein-etische Maxime. Temenos 5, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1969a). From Paul to Luke: Observations Toward Clarification of the Theology of Luke-Acts. Catholic Biblical Quarterly 31, 168-82.

Borgen, P. (1970). Observations on the Targumic Character of the Prologue in John, New Testament Studies 16, 13-20.

Borgen, P. (1970a). Logos var det sanne lys.  Svensk Exegetisk Årsskrift XXXV, 79-95.

Borgen, P. (1970c). Johannes-prologen som eksegese, i P. Mehren, K. Skorgevik, J. Wendel (Red.), Skrift og Skole. Festskrift til O. Hjelde (s. 73-84). Oslo: Land og Kirke.

Borgen, P. (1970d). En tradisjonshistorisk analyse av materialet om Jesu f√łdsel hos Ignatius, Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 42, 37-44.

Borgen, P. (1971). & Roald Skarsten, Bibelvitenskap, gresk og EDB, Maskinleselig tekst og indeks av Philo fra Alexandrias skrifter, FORSKNINGSNYTT fra Norges allmennvitenskapelige forskningsråd nr. 3, 37-39+50.

Borgen, P. (1971a). Ekumeniske tendenser og problemer i metodismen. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 72, 19-42.

Borgen, P. (1972). Johannes Olsonius. Theosophus et Medicus Bergensis. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 73, 1-26.

Borgen, P. (1972a). Logos was the true Light, Novum Testamentum 14, 95-110.

Borgen, P. (1973). Philo Judeus: Om dannelsen av verden, I Wyller, E. A. (Red.), Platonisme i Antikk og Middelalder (s. 113-123). Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1974). Tanker i Det nye testamentet om kristen enhet, Lumen 17, 1-19.

Borgen, P. (1976). The Place of the Old Testament in the Formation of New Testament Theology. Response, New Testament Studies 23, 67-75.

Borgen, P. (1976/77). & Skarsten, Roald, Questiones et Solutiones: Some Observations on the Form of Philos Exegesis. Studia Philonica 4, 1-16.

Borgen, P. (1977). Some Jewish Exegetical Traditions as Background for Son of Man Sayings in the Fourth Gospel (Jn 3:13-14 and context. I Jonge, M. De. (Red.). L‚ÄėEvangelie de Jean. (s. 243-258). Gembloux.

Borgen, P. (1977a). Der Logos war das wahre Licht. Beitrage zur Deutung des Johannesichen Prologs, in A. Fuchs, Theologie aus dem Norden. Studie zum Neuen Testament in seiner Umwelt (SNTU), Seria A, Band 2, (s. 99-117). Freistadt.

Borgen, P. (1979). The Use of Tradition in John 12,44-50, New Testament Studies 26, 49-66.

Borgen, P. (1979a). Religi√łs Pluralisme i nytestamentlig tid. I Borgen, P. (Red.). Religi√łs pluralisme i bibelsk tid og i Norge i dag (s. 101-118). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980). Helbredelsesundere i Det nye testamente, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Mennesket og naturen i kristendom og naturvitenskap (s. 43-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980a). Observations on the Theme Paul and Philo: Paul’s Preaching of Circumcision in Galatia (Gal 5:11) and Debates on Circumcision in Philo, I Pedersen. S.  (Red.).  Die Paulinische Literatur und Theologie (s. 85-102). Århus: Forlaget Aros.

Borgen, P. (1980b). Nomisme og libertinisme i Paulus brev til Galaterne. Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 51, 257-267.

Borgen, P. (1980c). Det nye testamentes omverden. Tekster i oversettelse med innledninger. Utvalgte greske tekster og ordlister. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1980/81). Fornuftens, erfaringens og den sosiale konteksts rolle i relasjon til Skriftens autoritet, Nordisk ekumenisk årsbok, 35-48.

Borgen, P. (1981). Fra Bibeltolkningens historie og aktuelle debatt, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Bibelen i brennpunktet for tro, historie og litteratur (s. 83-110). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981a). Biblical Authority and the authenticity of the church in relationship to auxiliary keys such as reason, experience, and social contexts, Epworth Review 8, 72-81.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Kirkebevegelse og foreningsbevegelse. I √ėverland, P. (Red.). Norske Frikirker. Framvekst og konfesjonell egenart i brytning med statskirkelighet (s. 9-33). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. 2. Opplag. Supplements to Novum Testamentum. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1981c). Synd och nåd, Tro och Liv 3, 29-34.

Borgen, P. (1981d). Miracles of Healing in the New Testament, Studia Theologica 24, 91-106.

Borgen, P. (1981e). Grunnleggelse, motgang og fremgang 1884-1914, I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 √•r. 1881- 6. november ‚Äď 1981 (s. 9-50). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981f). Odd Hagen. I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 √•r. 1881- 6. november ‚Äď 1981. (s. 184-186). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1982). Dåp i Det nye testament og i konfesjonell debatt. Norsk Forlagsselskap: Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1982a). Jesus og de fattige, Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 83, 19-32.

Borgen, P. (1982b). Hvilket menneskesyn? Hvilket livssyn? I Borgen, P. (Red.). Hvem er Jeppe? (s. 45-67). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1983). Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men, I Hooker, M.D. & Wilson S.G. (Red.). Paul and Paulinism. Essays in Honour of C.K. Barrett (s. 37-46). London.

Borgen, P. (1983a).  The early Church and the Hellenistic Synagogue. Studia Theologica 37, 55-78.

Borgen, P. (1983b).  Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men and other essays on Christian Origins. Trondheim: Tapir. Contains: Borgen 1980a; 1983; 1969a; 1983c; 1983a; 1966 (eng. transl.); 1981e; 1974 (eng. transl.); 1970d (eng. transl.); 1961; 1983c; 1983d og 1976/77.

Borgen, P. (1983c). Philo, Luke and Geography, I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 59-71.

Borgen, P. (1983d). Aristobulus ‚Äď A Jewish exegete from Alexandria. I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 179-190.

Borgen, P. (1983e). Logos was the true Light, and other essays on The Gospel of John. Trondheim: Tapir.  Contains: Borgen 1959a; 1959; 1963; 1983f; 1968; 1970; 1972a; 1983g; 1976; 1979; 1977, + two previously unpublished works:

Borgen, P. (1983f). Bread from Heaven. Aspects of Debates on Expository Method and Form. I: Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 32-46.

Borgen, P. (1983g). Johns Use of the Old Testament and the Problem of Sources and Traditions. I. Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 81-91.

Borgen, P. (1984). Etterutdanning av lærere i Universitetets regi. Prismet 2-3, 86-90.

Borgen, P. (1984a). Filo, Diasporaj√łde Fra Aleksandria. Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Blant skriftl√¶rde og fariseere: J√łdedommen i oldtiden (s.¬†143-56). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1984b). Philo of Alexandria,‚ÄĚ Jonge, M. de & Safrai, S. (Red.). Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum II,2 (s.¬†233-82). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1984c). Philo of Alexandria. A Critical and Synthetical Survey of Research Since World War II. I Haase, W. (Red.). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 21,1: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. 2, Principat. Religion: (Hellenistisches Judentum in römischer Zeit: Philon und Josephus). (s. 98-154). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Borgen, P. (1985). Bibel ‚Äď kultur ‚Äď identitet, i O. G. Winsnes (red.). Religionskunnskap og allmennutdannelse (s. 79-13). Trondheim: Tapir,

Borgen, P. (Red.). (1985a).  The Many and the One. Essays on Religion in the Graeco-Roman World Presented to H. Ludin Jansen. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1985b). The Cross-National Church for Jews and Greeks. Observations on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians. I Borgen 1985a, s. 225-248.

Borgen, P. (1986/87). Nattverdtradisjonen i 1. Kor. 10 og 11 som evangelietradisjon. Svensk Exegetisk årsbok 51-52, 32-9.

Borgen, P. (1986). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel, in J. Ashton (ed.), Interpretation of John. Issues in Religion and Theology 9 (s. 67-78). Philadelphia and London, 1986.

Borgen, P. (1987).  Creation, Logos and the Son: Observations on John 1:1-18 and 5:17-18. Ex Audite III, 88-97.

Borgen, P. (1987a). Kristne og staten i Det nye testamente, i P. Borgen et al. (red.), Teologi p√• tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm B√łckman (s. 33-41).Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987b). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater. I B√łckman P.W. (Red.). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater (s. 9-22). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987c). John and the Synoptics: Can Paul offer help? I Hawthorne, G.W. (Red.). Tradition and Interpretation in the New Testament. Essays in honor of E. Earle Ellis for his 60th Birthday (s. 80-94). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1987d). The Church as the Body of Christ, Doxology 4, 7-16.

Borgen, P. (1987e). Philo, John and Paul. New Perspectives on Judaism and Early Christianity. Brown Judaic Studies. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press. ‚ÄúThese studies are either reproductions, elaborations or modifications of essays which have been previously published‚ÄĚ: se 1970; 1984b; 1984c; 1980a; 1977; 1972a; 1963; 1983f; 1983a; 1980a; 1985a; og 1983c.

Borgen, P., Hognestad, O., Karlsaune, E., Rian D., & √ėverland, P. (Red.). (1987f). Teologi p√• tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm B√łckman. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1988). Utredning om behovet for forskning innenfor området kulturarv-religionsundervisning-skole, UniTRel studieserie 8: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1988a). Catalogue of Vices, The Apostolic Decree, and the Jerusalem Meeting, I Neusner, J., Borgen, P., Frerichs, E.S., & Horsley. R. (Red.), The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism. Essays in Tribute to Howard Clark Kee (126-141). Philadelphia: Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1989a). Undervisning i kristendom, andre religioner og livssyn. I Vikan, A. & Aakervik, Aa. O. (Red.). Skolen mot år 2000. (s. 53-69). Namsos.

Borgen, P. (1989b). En tysk buddhist tolker kristendommen og dens historie. I B√łckman, P.W. (Red.). Kristendommen og religionene (s. 45-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1990). John and the Synoptics. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.).  The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV (s. 408-37). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1990a). John and the Synoptics: A Reply. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.). The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV. (s. 451-8). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1991). The Sabbath Controversy in John 5:1-18 and Analogous Controversy Reflected in Philos Writings. The Studia Philonica Annual 3, 209-21.

Borgen, P. (1991a). Milj√ł, skapelse og frelse. N√•tid og fremtid, I Borgen, P. (Red.) Milj√łkrise og verdivalg: milj√łkrisen i kristent perspektiv og som utfordring i samfunn og skole. (s. 35-56). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1991b). Metodistkirken, en tverrnasjonal kirke i Norge og i andre land, I √ėverland, P. (Red.). Norges kristne kirkesamfunn. (s. 28-38). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1992).  The Independence of the Gospel of John. Some Observations. I  Segbroeeck, F. v., Tuckett, C., Belle, G.  &  Verheyden, J. (Red.). The Four Gospels 1992. Festschrift Frans Neirynck. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium (s. 1815-33). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1992a). Filo fra Alexandria. J√łdisk filosof og Jesu samtidige, Midt√łsten Forum. Tidsskrift om Midt√łsten og Nord-Afrika nr 1, feb., ¬†40-46.

Borgen, P. (1992b). Judaism in Egypt. I Freedman, D. N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 3:H-J. New York: Doubleday, s. 1061-72.

Borgen, P. (1992c). There Shall Come Forth a Man Reflections on Messianic Ideas in Philo. J. H. Charlesworth (Red.), The Messiah. (s. 341-61). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg & Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1992d). Philo of Alexandria. I Freedman, D.N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 5 O-Sh. (s. 333-342). New York: Doubleday.

Borgen, P. (1992e). Philo and the Jews in Alexandria, I Bilde, P. Engberg-Pedersen,T.,  Hannestad, L. & Zahle, J. (Red.). Etnicity in Hellenistic Egypt (s. 122-138). Århus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1992f). Overcoming Fears. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Blisard, F. X. & Gorham, J.L. (Red.). Overcoming Fears Between Jews and Christians (s. 109-118). New York.

Borgen, P. (1992g). Et visst håp for framtiden. I Tofte, R. (Red.). Snart enige? Glimt fra samtaler mellom forskjellige kirkesamfunn (s. 78-79). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1993). ¬†Metodistkirken. I Borgen, P. & Haralds√ł, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.¬† (s. 231-244). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993a) & Bloch-Hoell, N. ¬†Den reformerte kirke, I Borgen, P. & Haralds√ł, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.¬† (s. 229-242). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993b).  Heavenly Ascent in Philo: An Examination of Selected Passages. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Evans, C.A. (Red.). The Pseudepigrapha and Early Biblical Interpretation. Journal for the Study of Pseudepigrapha Supplement Series. (s. 246-68). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Borgen, P. (1993c). John 6: Tradition, Interpretation and Composition. I De Boer, M.C. (Red.). From Jesus to John: Essays on Jesus and New Testament Christology in Honour of Marinus de Jonge. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 84  (s. 268-91). Sheffield: JSOT Press.

Borgen, P. (1993d).  Polemic in the Book of Revelation. I Evans, C.A. & Hagner, D. A. Anti-Semitism and Early Christianity: Issues of Polemic and Faith (s. 199-211). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1993e). Georg Wolff (1736-1828): Handelsmann, metodist og norsk-dansk konsul i fred og krig. I Utne, B.S. & Aarek, H.E. (Red.), ¬ęDette Ukrudt fra Engellands sectrige og geile jordbund,¬Ľ Rapport fra forskningsseminar om: ¬ęDen rolle kristne dissenterbevegelser ‚Äď spesielt kvekerne ‚Äď spilte i norsk kulturutvikling p√• 1800-tallet.¬Ľ. (s. 86-101). Stavanger.

Borgen, P. (1994). ¬†Den Dansk-Norske Konsul Georg Wolff (1736-1828). Religion, Handel og Politikk i Dansk-Norsk og Engelsk milj√ł i London. I Andersen, H. W., Dahl, S., Haarstad, K., & Simensen, J. (Red.), Clios Tro Tjener. Festskrift til Per Fuglum. Skriftserie fra Historisk Institutt 1 (s. ¬†45-75). Trondheim: Historisk Institutt: Universitetet i Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1994a). Yes, No, How Far?: The Participation of Jews and Christians in Pagan Cults. T. Engberg-Pedersen (Red.). Paul in His Hellenistic Context (s. 30-59). Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark.

Borgen, P. (1994b). Jesus Christ, the Reception of the Spirit, and a Cross-National Community. I Green, J. B. & Turner, M. (Red.). Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology (s. 220-35). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1994c). Man’s Sovereignty Over Animals and Nature According to Philo of Alexandria. I Fornberg, T. & Hellholm, D. (Red.). Texts and Contexts: Biblical Texts in Their Textual and Situational Contexts. Essays in Honor of Lars Hartman (s. 361-89). Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Borgen, P. (1994d). Militant proselytisme og misjon. Hvalvik, R. and Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Ad Acta: Studier til Apostlenes Gjerninger og urkristendommens historie (s. 9-26). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1994e). Misjon i nytestamentlig tid og i Metodistkirken i Europa i dag. Teologisk Forum VIII, 27-41.

Borgen, P. (1995). Some Hebrew and Pagan Features in Philo’s and Paul’s Interpretation of Hagar and Ishmael. I Borgen, P. & Giversen, S. (1995a). (Red.). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism (s. 151-64). Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. & S. Giversen. (Red.), (1995a). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996). Religionsfrihet og statskirke. BAPTIST. Tidsskrift for baptistisk historie, teologi og praksis nr. 2, 7-26.

Borgen, P. (1996a). In Accordance with the Scriptures. I Barclay, J. & Sweet, J. (Red.), Early Christian Thought in Its Jewish Context (s. 193-206). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996b). The Gospel of John and Hellenism: Some Observations I Culpepper, R. & Black, C. (Red.). Exploring the Gospel of John. In Honor of D. Moody Smith (s. 98-123). Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Borgen, P. (1996c). Moses, Jesus, and the Roman Emperor. Observations in Philo’s Writings and the Revelation of John. Novum Testamentum 38, 145-59.

Borgen, P. (1996d). Philo of Alexandria РA Systematic Philosopher or an Eclectic Editor? An Examination of His Exposition of the Laws of Moses. Symbolae Osloenses 71, 15-34.

Borgen, P. (1996e). Philantropia in Philo’s Writings. Some Observations. I  Elder, L. B., Barr, D. L., & Malbon, E. S. (Red.). Biblical and Humane. Festschrift for John Priest (s. 173-88). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1996f). Emperor Worship and Persecution in Philo‚Äôs In Flaccum and De Legatione ad Gaium and Revelation of John. I Cancik, H., Lichtenberger, H., & Sh√§fer, P. (Red.). Geschichte ‚Äď Tradition ‚Äď Religion. Festschrift f√ľr Martin Hengel zum 70. Geburtstag. Bnd III. Fr√ľhes Christentum (s. 493-509). T√ľbingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Borgen, P. (1996g). Early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. Inneholder: 1994a; 1992b; 1991; 1990; 1990a; 1992; 1993c; 1988a; 1994b; 1993d; 1996h; 1996i; 1996j.

Borgen, P. (1996h). Militant and Peaceful Proselytism and Christian Mission. I Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 45-69.

Borgen, P. (1996i). Illegitimate Invasion and Proper Ascent. I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 293-307.

Borgen, P. (1996j). Autobiographical Ascent Reports: Philo and John the Seer, I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 309-320.

Borgen, P. (1997). Philo of Alexandria, An Exegete for His Time (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 86; Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1997).

Borgen, P. (1997a). Philo of Alexandria: Reviewing and Rewriting Biblical Material. Studia Philonica 9, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1997b). Samenes f√łrste Landsm√łte 6-9 Februar 1917. Grunnlaget for Samefolkets dag 6. Februar. Historisk oversikt. Dokumentasjon. Kommentar. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1998). The Crossing of the Red Sea as Interpreted by Philo. Biblical Event – Liturgical Model – Cultural Application. I Hills, J.V. (Red.). Common Life in the Early Church. Essays Honoring Graydon F. Snyder (s. 77-90). Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International.

Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World (Emory Studies in Early Christianity. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998b). Proselytes, Conquest and Mission. I Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World. Emory Studies in Early Christianity (s. 57-77). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998c). George Scott ‚Äď Wesleyan Missionary to Sweden: Aspects of His Preaching. ¬†I Sykes, R., (red.). Beyond the Boundaries. Preaching in the Wesleyan Tradition. (s. 116-135). Oxford.

Borgen, P. (1999). Two Philonic Prayers and Their Contexts: An Analysis of Who is the Heir of Divine Things (Her.) 24-29 and Against Flaccus (Flac.) 170-175. New Testament Studies 45, 291-309.

Borgen, P. Kåre Fuglseth and Roald Skarsten (Red.). (2000). The Philo Index: A Complete Greek Word Index to the Writings of Philo of Alexandria. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2000a). “Openly Portrayed as Crucified: Some Observations on Gal 3:1-14. I Horrell, D. G. & Tuckett, C. M. (Red.). Christology, Controversy and Community. New Testament Essays in Honour of David R. Catchpole (s. 345-53). E.J. Brill: Leiden.

Borgen, P. (2000b). Philo’s Against Flaccus as Interpreted History, I Illman, K.-J., Ahlback, T., Back, S.-O. & Nurmela, R. (Red.). A Bouquet of Wisdom. Essays in Honour of Karl-Gustav Sandelin (s. 41-57). Åbo: Åbo Akademi.

Borgen, P. (2000c). J√łder og kristne. F√łlelse av slektskap-opplevelse av overgrep-forst√•else av skyld-dialogens vei, I J√łrgensen, Th., Rian D., & Winsnes, O. G. (Red.), Kropp og sjel. Festskrift til professor Olav Hognestad (s. 195-201). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (2001). Application of and Commitment to the Laws of Moses. Observations on Philos Treatise On the Embassy to Gaius. I  Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G. E. (Red.), In the Spirit of Faith: Studies in Philo and Early Christianity in Honor of David Hay. Studia Philonica Annual/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism Volume XIII. (s. 86-101). Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (2001a). Greek Encyclical Education, Philosophy and the Synagogue. Observations from Philo of Alexandrias Writings. I Matsson, O. et al. (Red.). Libens Merito. Festskrift til Stig Str√łmholm p√• sjuttio√•rsdagen 16 sept. 2001. Acta academi√¶ Regi√¶ Scientiarum Upsaliensis. Kungl. Vetenskapssamh√§llets Uppsala Handlingar 21 (s. 61-71). Uppsala.

Borgen, P. (2001b). George Wolff (1736-1828): Norwegian-born Merchant, Consul, Benevolent Methodist Layman, Close Friend of John Wesley, Methodist History 40, 17-28.

Borgen, P. (2001c). A Necessary and Important Step. I Getui, M.N., Maluleke, T., & Ukpong. (Red.). (2001). Interpreting the New Testament in Africa. (s. 1-4). Nairobi, Kenya: Acton Publishers.

Borgen, P. (2002). Avtalen ‚ÄėN√•dens felleskap‚Äô mellom Metodistkirken og Den norske kirke.¬†Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke¬†73, 185‚Äď98.

Borgen, P. (2003). The Gospel of John and Philo of Alexandria. I Charlesworth, J.H. (Red.). ¬†Light in a Spotless Mirror. Reflections on Wisdom Traditions in Judaism and Early Christianity. London: Continuum. (s. 77‚Äď91).

Borgen, P. (2003a). Philo of Alexandria as Exegete. I Hauser, A.J., & Watson, D.F. (Red.). A History of Biblical Interpretation Vol 1: The Ancient Period (s. 114‚Äď43). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004). The Contrite Wrongdoer ‚Äď Condemned or Set Free by the Spirit? Romans 7:7‚Äď8:4. I Stanton, G.N., Longenecker, B.W., & Barton, S.C. (Red.). The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins. Essays in Honor of James D. G. Dunn (s. 181-92). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004a). Ute-√łkumenikk¬†og¬†hjemme-√łkumenikk.¬†Hendelser og erfaringer. I Sandnes, K.O., Hegstad, H., Heiene, G., & Thorbj√łrnsen, S. (Red.),¬†Etikk, tro og pluralisme.¬†Festskrift til Lars √ėstnor (s. 269-280). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Borgen, P. (2004b). Avhandlingen Das Volk Gottes. Dens √łkumeniske perspektiv, historiske kontekst og innflytelse. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 105, 12-20.

Borgen, P. (2005). Der Methodismus und die Anf√§nge der Pfingstbewegung in Norwegen: eine auf Thomas Ball Barratt konzentrierte Studie mit einem kurzen Hinweis auf Erik Andersen Nordquelle. I Streiff P.Ph. (Red.).¬†Der europ√§ische Methodismus um die Wende vom 19. und 20. Jahrhundert.¬†EmK Geschichte ‚Äď Monografien, Band 52, Medienwerk der Evangelisch-methodistischen Kirche (s. 237-257). Freiburg,

Borgen, P. (2006). Some Crime-and-Punishment Reports. I Neusner, J., Avery-Peck, A.J., Laato, A., Nurmela, R. & Sandelin, K.-G. (Red.). Ancient Israel, Judaism, and Christianity in Contemporary Perspective. Essays in Memory of Karl-Johan Illman. Studies in Judaism (s. 67‚Äď80). Lanham: University Press of America.

Borgen, P. (2006a). Crucified for His Own Sins ‚Äď Crucified for Our Sins: Observations on a Pauline Perspective. I Fotopoulos, J. (Red.). The New Testament and Early Christian Literature in Greco-Roman Context. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 122 (s.17‚Äď35). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (2007). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus. I Thatcher, T. (Red.). What We Have Heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johaninne Studies (s. 39-58). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2009a). Ole Peter Petersen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009b). Odd Hagen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009c). Vei utenfor Allfarvei. Studier i skjæringspunktet mellom kirkehistorie, personalhistorie og samfunnshistorie. Transactions of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1, Trondheim. Contains: 2009d; 1972 (norsk oversett.); 2001b (norsk oversett.); 2009e; 2005; 2004b (eng. oversett.), 2004a, samt 2009d-e.

Borgen, P. (2009d). Vei utenfor allfarvei -oversikt-hovedtemaer. I Borgen, 2009c, s. 7-20.

Borgen, P. (2009e). Ole Peter Petersen fra Glemmen (1822-1901). I Borgen, 2009c, s.87-128.

Borgen, P. (2010). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus, I Thatcher, T. (Red.), What we have heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johannine Studies (s. 39-59). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2013). On the Migration of Moses. I Feldman, L.H., et al. (Red.). Outside the Bible I (s. 951-58). Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society.

Borgen, P. (2014) The Gospel of John: More Light from Philo, Paul and Archaeology. The Scriptures, Tradition, Exposition, Settings, Meaning. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 154. Leiden-Boston: Brill. Comprises: 2010; 2014a;2014a; 2003, 2014b; 1996b; 1959a; 1990; 1992; 1968; 1991; 2014c; 2014d; 2014e; 2014f, og 2014g, and 2014a-g.

Borgen, P. (2014a) Debates on Expository Method and Form. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 29-39.

Borgen, P. (2014b). Gospel traditions in Paul and John: Methods and Structures. John and the Synoptics. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 67-77.

Borgen, P. (2014c). Observations on God’s agent and agency in John’s gospel Chapters 5-10: Agency and the Quest for the Historical Jesus. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 193-218.

Borgen, P. (2014d) John the Witness and the Prologue: John 1:1-34(37), I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 219-238.

Borgen, P. (2014e), Can Philo’s In Flaccum and Legatio ad Gaium be of Help? I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 241-260.

Borgen, P. (2014f), The Appearance to Thomas: Not a blasphemous claim, but the Truth, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 261-274.

Borgen, P. (2014g), Summary: John, Archaeology, Philo, Paul, Other Jewish sources. John’s independence of the Synoptics. Where my journey of research has led, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 275-294.

Borgen, P. (2014h) Philo ‚Äď An Interpreter of the Laws of Moses. I Seland, T., (2014). (Red.). Reading Philo. A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria (s. 75-101). Grand Rapids, Mi.: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2016). Alternative Aims and Choices in Education: Analysis of Selected Texts. I Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G.E. (Red.). The Studia Philonica Annual XXVIII 2016/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism (s. 257-271). Atlanta, Ga: SBL Press.

Borgen, P. (2017). Bread from Heaven. An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. The Johannine Monograph Series. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2017. Reprint of the 1965/1981 editions, with a Foreword by Paul. N. Andersson (ix-xxxiv), and a new Preface by P. Borgen.

Borgen, P. (2018). Perspectives for Mission: Galatians 3:1-14 in Context. I Aune, D.E & Hvalvik, R. (Red.), The Church and Its Mission in the New Testament and Early Christianity. Essays in Memory of Hans Kvalbein. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 404 (s. 181-192) T√ľbingen: Mohr Siebeck.

Divine Anthropomorphism

Adam W. Jones, ‘Philo’s Influence on Understanding Divine Anthropomorphism,’ Evangelical Quarterly . Jan 2020, Vol. 91 Issue 1, pp. 50-65.

  • Abstract: “Divine anthropomorphisms are prevalent in the Old Testament. Authors of Old Testament works seemingly had no reservations with using human qualities to describe God. During the Second Temple period Greek philosophy began to influence the interpretation of texts that describe God using anthropomorphisms. This shift in understanding God is evidenced in translation tendencies in the Septuagint and in Philo’s reading of Hebrew Scripture. The elements of proto-Gnosticism found in Philo’s writings are at times closely related to his interpretation of anthropomorphism. Since Philo’s understanding of such figures of speech has been the historic majority view, it is important to evaluate his method of interpretation to determine whether this understanding of divine anthropomOrphism is rooted i Scripture or his philosophical tradition.”

On the Life of Abraham

A new commentary on a work of Philo is now on its way through the final stages of its printing process, a commentary I have been looking forward to in a long time:
Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham

Introduction, Translation, and Commentary

Ellen Birnbaum and John M. Dillon

April 2020 – Hardback
ISBN 978 90 04 42363 3 – ‚ā¨ 189
E-ISBN 978 90 04 42364 0 – ‚ā¨ 189
Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series, 6

Brill, the publisher, announces this volume thus: “On the Life of Abraham displays Philo‚Äôs philosophical, exegetical, and literary genius at its best. Philo begins by introducing the biblical figures Enos, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as unwritten laws. Then, interweaving literal, ethical, and allegorical interpretations, Philo presents the life and achievements of Abraham, founder of the Jewish nation, in the form of a Greco-Roman bios, or biography. Ellen Birnbaum and John Dillon explain why and how this work is important within the context of Philo‚Äôs own oeuvre, early Jewish and Christian exegesis, and ancient philosophy. They also offer a new English translation and detailed analyses, in which they elucidate the meaning of Philo‚Äôs thought, including his perplexing notion that Israel‚Äôs ancestors were laws in themselves.”

The publishing date is set to April 22, both for the E-book and the hardback version. But alas, the price is terribly high: both versions: 189 Euro / $227.00 (1900-2000 Norwegian Kroner) each. With such a policy of price setting, I doubt if it ever will find its way to my personal bookshelves.  I have never ever paid that much for a single book! Maybe it is time for the editors to start some serious negotiations or change to another publisher? Are you listening in, Greg and David?

‚ÄúWriting to the Romans: Philo of Alexandria and Paul‚ÄĚ

On Monday, February 10, 2020 Р5:30pm to 6:30pm, at Yale Divinity School (409 Prospect Street, New Haven, CT) Maren R. Niehoff will give a lecture on

“Writing to the Romans: Philo of Alexandria and Paul.‚ÄĚ

I hope this lecture will result in an article too, as many more than those able to attend the lecture will probably be interested in her views concerning Paul and Philo and their relations with Rome.

Maren R. Niehoff is Max Cooper Professor of Jewish Thought at Hebrew University, Israel, and now also a Martin Hengel Fellow at T√ľbingen University. Her two latest books are Bible Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (Cambridge 2011, paperback 2014), and Philo of Alexandria: An Intellectual Biography (Yale, 2018).

Book to come

reception of the BibleA new book on the Reception of the Bible in Ancient Judaism and Christianity is scheduled to appear in September 2020:

“Reading the Bible is of key importance for Judaism and Christianity. By way of examples, the contributions to this volume engage with the whole width of the reception histories of the Jewish and Christian Bibles. The literatures its contributions study range from the Dead Sea Scrolls into Rabbinic and Patristic literature. In addition to the literary reception history of biblical texts, this volume also engages with the reception of the Bible in Jewish and Christian art history. To generate a broad insight each area is addressed by one or more examples, contributed by prominent international scholars. In addition they illuminate what unites and what divides Judaism and Christianity in their readings of Holy Scriptures.A study on Jeremiah 33:14-26 and its reception in Judaism and Christianity opens the volume, followed by one on the reception of the bible in Ancient Judaism. Further discussions of receptions from different contexts such as rabbinic Literature or Patristic Biblical Interpretation of sections of the bible spread the viewed discourse. Concluding a study on the bible in (late) antique Christian art changes the medium and takes a look at selected textiles.” (adopted from the Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht webpage.)


Conference in M√ľnster on Philo

Michael Cover informs us that on May 12-13 this year, there will be a conference in M√ľnster on Philo: “a Tagung that Lutz Doering and I have put together in connection with my Humboldt Fellowship at the Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum.”
There will be 7 papers, and all sessions will receive a response by David T. Runia.
Michael Cover states that “If you are in Europe or¬†would otherwise like to attend, please register with Maria Arnhold ( by 3 May 2019. Also, we would appreciate it if you might¬†pass on the information to other colleagues and students who might be interested.
Here is more info on the various papers to be presented:
Philo of Alexandria and Philosophical Discourse
12‚Äď13 May 2019
Evangelisch РTheologische Fakultät
Universitätsstraße 13-17, Raum ETH 102
13.00‚Äď13.15 Welcome and Opening Remarks
13.15‚Äď14.15¬†‚ÄúPhilo‚Äôs Library and the Libraries of
Philosophical Schools‚ÄĚ
Gregory Sterling, Yale Divinity School
14.45‚Äď15.45¬†‚ÄúThe Difficulty of Being Theologically and
Philosophically Orthodox: Reincarnation and Afterlife as
a Test Case‚ÄĚ
Rainer Hirsch-Luipold, Universität Bern
15.45‚Äď16.45¬†‚ÄúExemplary Ethics in Philo‚Äôs¬†Every Good
Man is Free‚ÄĚ
Maren Niehoff, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem
17.15‚Äď18.15¬†‚ÄúStoicism, Platonism and Judaism in the
Omnis Probus: Philo‚Äôs Authorial Stance‚ÄĚ
Troels Engberg-Pedersen, University of Copenhagen
18.15‚Äď18.45¬†Response to Sessions One & Two
David Runia, The Institute for Research & Critical Inquiry,

Australian Catholic University

Institutum Judaicum Delitzschianum
Wilmergasse 1
9.00‚Äď10.00¬†‚ÄúIs Philo’s Moses a Pyrrhonian Hero?‚ÄĚ
Carlos Lévy, Université Paris-Sorbonne (Paris IV)
10.30‚Äď11.30¬†‚ÄúScepticism and Contemplation in Philo of
Mauro Bonazzi, University of Utrecht
14.00‚Äď15.00¬†‚ÄúWhat’s in a Name Change? Neo-
Pythagorean Arithmology and Middle-Platonic
Namewrights in Philo‚Äôs Orchard of Philosophy‚ÄĚ
Michael Cover, Marquette University / Humboldt Fellow,
WWU M√ľnster
15.30‚Äď16.00¬†Response to Sessions Three & Four
David Runia, IRCI, Australian Catholic University
16.00‚Äď16.30¬†Summary Discussion
Lutz Doering, WWU M√ľnster, moderator


New Commentary on Philo


In 2001, the first volume in the then-new commentary series on Philo was published: On the Creation of the Cosmos according to Moses. Introduction, Translation and Commentary, by David T. Runia. Then followed Philo’s Flaccus (by Pieter van der Horst) in 2003; On Virtues in 2011 (by Walter T. Wilson), and On Cultivation (by Albert C. Geljon and David T. Runia), in 2013.

Several volumes have been in the making for several years no, and it seems that in the not so far away future, there will be published several new volumes.

Maybe the volume published most recently introduces a new wave of commentaries on Philo. Anyway, at the very end of 2019, it was announced that a fifth volume was out:

Philo of Alexandria On Planting

Introduction, Translation and Commentary

Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series (PACS)

By Albert C. Geljon and David T. Runia

The volume is introduced thus by the publisher:

The Jewish exegete and philosopher Philo of Alexandria has long
been famous for his complex and spiritually rich allegorical
treatises on the Greek Bible. The present volume presents
first translation and commentary in English on his treatise De
plantatione (On planting), following on the volume devoted to On
cultivation published previously by the same two authors. Philo
gives a virtuoso performance as an allegorist, interpreting Noah’s
planting of a vineyard in Genesis 9.20, first in theological and
cosmological terms, then moving to the spiritual quest of both of
advanced souls and those beginning their journey. The translation
renders Philo’s baroque Greek into readable modern English. The
commentary pays particular attention to the treatise’s structure, its
biblical basis and its exegetical and philosophical contents.

The next volume to be published will be On the Life of Abraham, written by Ellen Birnbaum and John M. Dillon. Scheduled for Apr. 22. 2020.

Congratulations to the writers and editors for keeping this commentary series alive!