New book on Alexandria

Alexandria. Hub of the Hellenistic World

Edited by Benjamin Schliesser, Jan Rüggemeier, Thomas J. Kraus, and Jörg Frey, with the assistance of Daniel Herrmann Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 460. Mohr Siebeck. April 2021. 621 pages.

A new book on Alexandria is about to be published. And as expected, it contains several articles related to Philo, and to biblical studies. Below I list the articles most interesting (in my mind) to Philo-scholars. See also here.

Balbina Bäbler
Whose “Glory of Alexandria”? Monuments, Identities, and the Eye of the
Beholder ……………………………………………………………………………… 29-48

Barbara Schmitz
Alexandria: What Does the So-Called Letter of Aristeas Tell Us about
Alexandria?…………………………………………………………………………… 49-62.

Christoph Riedweg
Alexandria in the New Outline of Philosophy in the Roman Imperial Period
and in Late Antiquity………………………………………………………………… 99-106.

Beatrice Wyss
Cultural Rivalry in Alexandria: The Egyptians Apion and Chaeremon ………………….145-164

Benjamin Wright
The Letter of Aristeas and the Place of the Septuagint in Alexandrian

Jan. N. Bremmer
The First Pogrom? Religious Violence in Alexandria in 38 CE?………………………..245-260.

René Bloch
How Much Hebrew in Jewish Alexandria?…………………………………………..261-278

Justin P. Jeffcoat Schedtler
From Alexandria to Caesarea and Beyond: The Transmission of the
Fragments of the Hellenistic Jewish Authors…………………………….…………..279-302

John Granger Cook
Philo’s Quaestiones in Genesin and Paul’s σῶμα πνευματικόν……………….. ……..303-324.

Samuel Vollenweider
Apollos of Alexandria: Portrait of an Unknown ………………………………….…325-344.

Jörg Frey
Locating New Testament Writings in Alexandria:
On Method and the Aporias of Scholarship ………………………………………….345-366

I’ll stop here. As you see, there are enough interesting articles to legitimate to spend some money on this volume (which contains a total of 26 articles). The prices is set to 154 Euro (both pdf version and hardback.)

Philo’s Jewish Law

A full text of a PhD dissertation submitted in 2015:

Yedidya Etzion, Philo’s Jewish Law: Uncovering the Foundations of a Second-Temple System of Jewish Law

A dissertation submitted in partial satisfaction of the requirements for the degree of Doctor of Philosophy, in Near Eastern Studies.

The author presents his work thus:

Among Philo of Alexandria’s many writings, he dedicated quite-a-few treatises to the exposition of Jewish Law. The purpose of this dissertation is to identify what is distinctive in Philo’s approach towards Jewish law and to reveal the ideological, hermeneutical and practical considerations behind it. In addition, I have presented the study of Philo’s Jewish lawfrom a comparative point of view, introducing many Second-Temple –and especially rabbinic texts–in order to better understand the processes underlying the development of Jewish law in Late-Antiquity and Philo’s place in it. I analyze the relationship between Philo’s own different writings and genres such as law, narrative and allegory, as well.

The dissertation deals with five major halakhic subjects: the halakhic implications of both the Septuagint and Speech-Acts, Marital laws, The Sabbath, and the Temple Cult and Priesthood.

My examination of Philo’s law raises the following observations:

1.Philo reflects an internalization of Hellenistic concepts and values while implementing these concepts into distinctively Jewish practices. Occasionally, laws which were shaped by Greco-Roman concepts found their way into other halakhic corpora. This phenomenon attests to a process through which rabbinic traditions were influenced by Greek ideas through the agency of Jews like Philo.

2.At times, Philo shared certain halakhic traditions with other Palestinian corpora, while at others he reflected a totally independent approach. While in certain cases Philo’s independence can be accounted for by his essential, distinctive views in quite a few cases Philo represents an early stage in the development of halakha.

3.Philo’s formulation of Jewish law gives weight to ideological (predominantly Greek), exegetical and practical considerations. Among the exegetical considerations I identify several midrashic interpretations, some of which are similar to other Second-Temple and rabbinic traditions. This does not render Philo as “eclectic” but rather his approach is a typical example for the formulation of Jewish law in Late-Antiquity. Philo’s most distinctive feature with respect to Jewish law is his view of Jewish law as a cure against excessive desires (ἐπιθυμίας) through the exercise of self-control (ἐγκράτεια). While Philo lacks a conception of defined measures for the fulfillment of religious obligations, this is consistent with both the early stage Philo represents in the development of halakha and with the view of Jewish law as geared towards self-improvement, rather than appeasing or pleasing God.24. Philo indeed reflects certain sentiments, which could be characterized as “Diasporic”, but more than a representative of a Diasporic version of Judaism, Philo should be understood as a representative of Greek-Speaking Jews, a group which was part of the Social reality ofPalestine, as well. 5.Philo’s most distinctive feature with respect to Jewish law is his view of Jewish law as a cure against excessive desires (ἐπιθυμίας) through the exercise of self-control (ἐγκράτεια). While Philo lacks a conception of defined measures for the fulfillment of religious obligations, this is consistent with both the early stage Philo represents in the development of halakha and with the view of Jewish law as geared towards self-improvement, rather than appeasing or pleasing God.

Tempel, Lehrhaus, Synagoge,- and Philo!

Christian A. Eberhart, Martin Karrer, Siegfried Kreuzer, und Martin Meiser, (Hrg.),
Tempel, Lehrhaus, Synagoge
Orte jüdischen Gottesdienstes, Lernens und Lebens. Festschrift für Wolfgang Kraus
Publisher: Ferdinand Schøningh, 2020.

Two articles in this volume are directly related to Alexandria/Philo:

Consequences of the Desecration and Destruction of Alexandrian Synagogues as Spaces of Learning and Living. An Orientation Based on Philo’s In Flaccum and Legatio ad by Gert J. Steyn, pp. 57–77

Philos Vorstellung vom Lehrer nach De posteritate Caini, 138–142.146–147. By  Eberhard Bons, pp. 103–118.

A Peder Borgen Biography

Torrey Seland,

Peder Borgen. Metodist – Økumen – Professor i en brytningstid.

Cappelen Damm Akademisk, Oslo, Des. 2020.  ca. 350 s.

I denne boken presenteres en repre­sentant for en av frikirkene i Norge, Peder Johan Borgen (1928-). Borgen var metodist, forkynner, kirke­politiker, økumen, og universitets­professor i kristendoms­kunn­skap, og er en inter­nasjonalt anerkjent bibel­forsker.

Som metodist i Norge ble Borgen en ivrig for­kjemper for frikirkenes plass i det norske kirkelandskap, og for religions­­­frihet i vid forstand. Beskrivelsen av hans liv kan dermed også leses som uttrykk for erfaringer som mange innen frikirkene i Norge kunne oppleve. Boken forsøker slik å bringe ny innsikt i og forståelse for frikirkenes plass i norsk kirkeliv som på denne tiden var så preget både av Den norske kirkes hegemoniske rolle og manglende økumeniske interesse og arbeid. Samtidig gir den en omfattende oversikt over Peder Borgens liv og innsats i norsk universitets- og samfunnsliv og internasjonale bibelforskning.

2 new Commentaries on Philo!

Two new commentaries on Philo are coming out this Fall. This is a great event, as the commentaries deal with two very important treatises of Philo. Every serious Philo scholar should rush to buy these!

However, check your bank account first, for these volumes are not only valuable, but also really expensive when it comes to money. They are available in pdf versions too, but the price is the same. Books at these prices are likely to end up in libraries only, not on the shelf of individual scholars. And that is regrettable.

Anyway, here are the commentaries, and the publisher’s presentation of them:

Ellen Birnbaum & John M. Dillon, Philo of Alexandria: On the Life of Abraham. Introduction, Translation, and Commentary.  Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series, Volume: 6 Leiden: Brill, oct 2020 (€189.00 $227.00)

Publisher:On the Life of Abraham displays Philo’s philosophical, exegetical, and literary genius at its best. Philo begins by introducing the biblical figures Enos, Enoch, Noah, Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob as unwritten laws. Then, interweaving literal, ethical, and allegorical interpretations, Philo presents the life and achievements of Abraham, founder of the Jewish nation, in the form of a Greco-Roman bios, or biography. Ellen Birnbaum and John Dillon explain why and how this work is important within the context of Philo’s own oeuvre, early Jewish and Christian exegesis, and ancient philosophy. They also offer a new English translation and detailed analyses, in which they elucidate the meaning of Philo’s thought, including his perplexing notion that Israel’s ancestors were laws in themselves.”

Joan E. Taylor & David M. Hays, Philo of Alexandria: On the Contemplative Life. Introduction, Translation and Commentary. Philo of Alexandria Commentary Series, Volume: 7. Leiden: Brill, Nov. 2020 (€155.00 $187.00).

Publisher:On the Contemplative Life is known for its depiction of a philosophical group of Jewish men and women known as the ‘Therapeutae’. Yet the reasons for their depiction have been little understood. In the first commentary on the treatise in English for over 100 years, the social, cultural and political background of the times in which Philo lived are shown to be crucial in understanding Philo’s purposes. As Alexandrian Jews were vilified and attacked, Philo went to Rome to present the case for his community, faced with intense opposition. Side-stepping direct confrontation, Philo here cleverly presents the Therapeutae as the pinnacle of excellence, most especially in their communal meal, while ridiculing his accusers in a stinging parody of a festive banquet.”

Vale Tom Tobin

About a week ago I received the sad news that Tom Tobin had passed away at 9:25 a.m. on Sunday, August 30th, due to heart complications. He was a respected Philo,- and Pauline scholar, and a Facebook friend. We also always met at the SBL Annual Meeting’s Philo seminars. Here is some words in memory of Tom, written by Greg Sterling:

“Tom was a first-rate scholar. I still remember reading his The Creation of Man when I was a doctoral student. What most impressed me was the care that he took with the text and the way that he attempted to work through the exegetical traditions systematically and chronologically. One does not need to agree with all of his conclusions to appreciate the quality of the mind that produced the work. When I invited a small group of scholars to Notre Dame to plan the commentary series, Tom was on the must list of invitees.

His work on Philo in this and in his other publications impressed me so much that when I stepped down as chair of the Philo Seminar/Group, I nominated Tom to succeed me. When David Hay died suddenly, David Runia and I discussed whom we should ask to succeed David Hay as the editor of the monograph series and both reached the same judgment, Tom Tobin. For many years he has also been the chair of the board of the Studia Philonica Annual.

Tom was a priest who gave his life in service as a Jesuit. He did not wear his priesthood on his sleeves, but he took his vows with utter seriousness and served many. Tom was a “Chicago” boy through and through. He loved the city and knew it exceptionally well. He could tell you stories about where gangsters used to eat etc.  He has lived in his city, in a university run by the order of priests to which he belonged, and is now home. But we will miss him!

Requiescat in pace carus et dignus amicus.

There are also many greetings and nice words about him on his Facebook page; see

Private Associations and Jewish Communities

In a recent web ‘edition’ of Review of Biblical Literature ( John S. Kloppenborg has a review of a book published in 2019 on ancient associations:

Benedikt Eckhardt, ed.
Private Associations and Jewish Communities in the Hellenistic and Roman Cities
Supplements to the Journal for the Study of Judaism 191
Leiden: Brill, 2019. Pp. vi + 227. Cloth. $126.00

This volume also contains an article on Philo which especially caught my interest: Kimberley Czajkowski’s “Jewish Associations in Alexandria?” (pp. 76–96), as I myself had an article  published on Philo and the associations as far back as in 1995 (T. Seland, ‘Philo and the clubs and associations of Alexandria,’ in John S. Kloppenborg & Stephen G. Wilson, ed., Voluntary Associations in the Graeco-Roman World. London/New York: Routledge, 110-145). As far as I have been able to observe, not much have been written on Philo and the associations in recent years; hence another study is welcome. Alas, however, I have not been able to see this new article/volume as my access to libraries are somewhat restricted by location. But Kloppenborg evaluates Czajkowskis’s contribution thus:

Kimberley Czajkowski’s “Jewish Associations in Alexandria?” (76–96) makes several critical points for understanding Philo’s polemic against synodoi and thiasoi in Flaccus. Politeuma were, in the first place, fiscal rather than strictly ethnic associations. Hence, the Judean politeumata in Alexandria and elsewhere (and the Phygian and Lycian politeumata) were not co-terminus with the entire Judean (or Phrygian, Lycian) populations of Egyptian cities. With the Roman reduction of Egypt to a province, the politeumata, originally military settlements, lost their public and military features and became essentially private associations. If some Judeans in Alexandria were constituted as a politeuma, as the Letter of Aristeas (§310) claims, these would have similarly been reduced to the status of private associations. It is in this context that Czajkowski discusses Philo’s polemic against thiasoi and synodoi, arguing that Philo was exercised to assert that Judean synodoi were not associations that merely used the pretext of religion to have drunken orgies. They genuinely assembled religionis causa and hence constituted collegia licita that should not
fall under Flaccus’s ban on associations.

It should be mentioned that this volume also contains another article that might touch upon Philo: “Les communautés juives de la Diaspora dans le droit commun des associations du monde gréco-romain” (97–114).

Hopefully, I will be able to get my hands on that article/volume in not a too distant future.


Reading Philo: A Handbook

My Handbook to Philo of Alexandria, published in 2014 is now available for Kindle at for $3.99! A terrible price for me, but a good one for you!  🙂

Have a look at Reading Philo: A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria
Publisher: Eerdmans (Nov., 2014). 362 pp.

“A contemporary of both Jesus and the apostle Paul, Philo was a prolific Jewish theologian, philosopher, and politician — a fascinating, somewhat enigmatic figure — who lived his entire life in Alexandria, Egypt. His many books are important sources for our understanding of ancient Judaism, early Christianity, and the philosophical currents of that time.
Reading Philo is an excellent introductory guide to Philo’s work and significance. The contributors — all well-known experts on Philo of Alexandria — discuss Philo in context, offer methodological considerations (how best to study Philo), and explore Philo’s ongoing relevance and value (why reading him is important). This practical volume will be an indispensable resource for anyone delving into Philo and his world.” (Publishers note).

Philo and De Abrahamo

weisenA new book on De Abrahamo!

Das Leben des Weisen

Philon v. Alexandria, De Abrahamo
Eingel., übers. u. m. interpretierenden Essays vers. v. Matthias Adrian, Maximilian Forschner, Daniel Lanzinger, Heinz-Günther Nesselrath, Maren R. Niehoff, Friederike Oertelt, Simone Seibert u. Nicolai Sinai. Hrsg. v. Daniel Lanzinger

2020. XIII, 334 Seiten.
In 2017 a volume of Philo’s De Migratione Abrahami was published in a series with the somewhat peculiar name (!): Scripta Antiquitatis Posterioris ad Ethicam REligionemque pertinentia XXXVI. This year another volume is about to be published (see above). Both as a hardback and as E-book (84,00 €).
With this volume, two very interesting German books have been published, dealing with Philo’s picture of Abraham. The other, published in 2017, was:
Abrahams Aufbruch. Philon von Alexandria, De migratione Abrahami
Eingeleitet, übersetzt und mit interpretierenden Essays versehen von Heinrich Detering, Lutz Doering, Reinhard Feldmeier, Rainer Hirsch-Luipold, Heinz-Günther Nesselrath, Maren R. Niehoff, Peter Van Nuffelen, Florian Wilk
Hrsg. v. Maren R. Niehoff u. Reinhard Feldmeier
2017. XIII, 292 pages. SAPERE XXX.
Both volumes subscribe to a great extent to Maren R. Niehoff’s view of Philo, especially her chronology description of Philo’s work. She is also a participating author in both volumes.
In addition, her great volume on Philo (Philo of Alexandria. An Intellectual Biography. Yale University Press, 2018), has now also been translated and published in German by Mohr Siebeck:
Niehoff, Maren R.
Philon von Alexandria
Eine intellektuelle Biographie
Übersetzt von Claus-Jürgen Thornton und Eva Tyrell
Mohr Siebeck, 2019. XIII, 346 pages.
It looks like there might be a growing interest in Philo in Germany!

Bibliographia Borgeniana

This post contains a comprehensive Bibliography of Professor Peder J. Borgen for the years of 1949 to 2018. Borgen was 92 last January, but there might still come an article or two; I know he is working on something! 🙂 

The bibliography is originally written for Norwegian readers, and contains a few Norwegian terms; Red=abbr. for editor;  i=in; s=p =page. Articles in Newspapers are not included.

Articles and books by Peder Borgen 1949-2018 (books are given i bold types)

(1949). Festskrift ved Lillestrøm Metodistmenighets 50-års jubileum 3-9-1949. Utarbeidet av stud. teol. Peder Borgen. Lillestrøm Blads Trykkeri.

Borgen, P. (1956). Eschatology and Heilsgeschichte in Luke-Acts. PhD Dissertation, Drew University, New Jersey, USA. (Arkivutgave; upublisert).

Borgen, P. (1959). The Unity of the Discourse in John 6. Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 50, 277-278

Borgen, P. (1959a). John and the Synoptics in the Passion Narrative. New Testament Studies 5, 246-259.

Borgen, P. (1960). Brød fra himmel og fra jord. Om Haggada i Palestinsk Midrasj, hos Philo og i Johannesevangeliet. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 61, 318-240.

Borgen, P. (1961). At the Age of Twenty in I QSa. Revue de Qumran 3, 267-277

Borgen, P. (1963). Observations on the Midrashic Character of John 6. Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 54, 232-240.

Borgen, P. (1965). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. Supplements to Novum Testamentum: Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1966). Den såkalte Gyldne Regel (Matt. 7:12, Luk. 6:31), dens forekomst i Det nye testamentes omverden og dens innhold i evangelienes kontekst. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 67, 129-46.

Borgen, P. (1966a). Von Paulus zu Lukas. Beobachtungen zur Erhellung der Theologie der Lukasschriften. Studia Theologica 20, 140-57.

Borgen, P. (1968). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel. I Neusner, J. (Red.). Religions in Antiquity. E. R. Goodenough Memorial Volume (s. 137-148). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1969). Eine allgemein-etische Maxime. Temenos 5, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1969a). From Paul to Luke: Observations Toward Clarification of the Theology of Luke-Acts. Catholic Biblical Quarterly 31, 168-82.

Borgen, P. (1970). Observations on the Targumic Character of the Prologue in John, New Testament Studies 16, 13-20.

Borgen, P. (1970a). Logos var det sanne lys.  Svensk Exegetisk Årsskrift XXXV, 79-95.

Borgen, P. (1970c). Johannes-prologen som eksegese, i P. Mehren, K. Skorgevik, J. Wendel (Red.), Skrift og Skole. Festskrift til O. Hjelde (s. 73-84). Oslo: Land og Kirke.

Borgen, P. (1970d). En tradisjonshistorisk analyse av materialet om Jesu fødsel hos Ignatius, Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 42, 37-44.

Borgen, P. (1971). & Roald Skarsten, Bibelvitenskap, gresk og EDB, Maskinleselig tekst og indeks av Philo fra Alexandrias skrifter, FORSKNINGSNYTT fra Norges allmennvitenskapelige forskningsråd nr. 3, 37-39+50.

Borgen, P. (1971a). Ekumeniske tendenser og problemer i metodismen. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 72, 19-42.

Borgen, P. (1972). Johannes Olsonius. Theosophus et Medicus Bergensis. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 73, 1-26.

Borgen, P. (1972a). Logos was the true Light, Novum Testamentum 14, 95-110.

Borgen, P. (1973). Philo Judeus: Om dannelsen av verden, I Wyller, E. A. (Red.), Platonisme i Antikk og Middelalder (s. 113-123). Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1974). Tanker i Det nye testamentet om kristen enhet, Lumen 17, 1-19.

Borgen, P. (1976). The Place of the Old Testament in the Formation of New Testament Theology. Response, New Testament Studies 23, 67-75.

Borgen, P. (1976/77). & Skarsten, Roald, Questiones et Solutiones: Some Observations on the Form of Philos Exegesis. Studia Philonica 4, 1-16.

Borgen, P. (1977). Some Jewish Exegetical Traditions as Background for Son of Man Sayings in the Fourth Gospel (Jn 3:13-14 and context. I Jonge, M. De. (Red.). L‘Evangelie de Jean. (s. 243-258). Gembloux.

Borgen, P. (1977a). Der Logos war das wahre Licht. Beitrage zur Deutung des Johannesichen Prologs, in A. Fuchs, Theologie aus dem Norden. Studie zum Neuen Testament in seiner Umwelt (SNTU), Seria A, Band 2, (s. 99-117). Freistadt.

Borgen, P. (1979). The Use of Tradition in John 12,44-50, New Testament Studies 26, 49-66.

Borgen, P. (1979a). Religiøs Pluralisme i nytestamentlig tid. I Borgen, P. (Red.). Religiøs pluralisme i bibelsk tid og i Norge i dag (s. 101-118). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980). Helbredelsesundere i Det nye testamente, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Mennesket og naturen i kristendom og naturvitenskap (s. 43-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980a). Observations on the Theme Paul and Philo: Paul’s Preaching of Circumcision in Galatia (Gal 5:11) and Debates on Circumcision in Philo, I Pedersen. S.  (Red.).  Die Paulinische Literatur und Theologie (s. 85-102). Århus: Forlaget Aros.

Borgen, P. (1980b). Nomisme og libertinisme i Paulus brev til Galaterne. Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 51, 257-267.

Borgen, P. (1980c). Det nye testamentes omverden. Tekster i oversettelse med innledninger. Utvalgte greske tekster og ordlister. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1980/81). Fornuftens, erfaringens og den sosiale konteksts rolle i relasjon til Skriftens autoritet, Nordisk ekumenisk årsbok, 35-48.

Borgen, P. (1981). Fra Bibeltolkningens historie og aktuelle debatt, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Bibelen i brennpunktet for tro, historie og litteratur (s. 83-110). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981a). Biblical Authority and the authenticity of the church in relationship to auxiliary keys such as reason, experience, and social contexts, Epworth Review 8, 72-81.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Kirkebevegelse og foreningsbevegelse. I Øverland, P. (Red.). Norske Frikirker. Framvekst og konfesjonell egenart i brytning med statskirkelighet (s. 9-33). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. 2. Opplag. Supplements to Novum Testamentum. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1981c). Synd och nåd, Tro och Liv 3, 29-34.

Borgen, P. (1981d). Miracles of Healing in the New Testament, Studia Theologica 24, 91-106.

Borgen, P. (1981e). Grunnleggelse, motgang og fremgang 1884-1914, I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 år. 1881- 6. november – 1981 (s. 9-50). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981f). Odd Hagen. I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 år. 1881- 6. november – 1981. (s. 184-186). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1982). Dåp i Det nye testament og i konfesjonell debatt. Norsk Forlagsselskap: Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1982a). Jesus og de fattige, Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 83, 19-32.

Borgen, P. (1982b). Hvilket menneskesyn? Hvilket livssyn? I Borgen, P. (Red.). Hvem er Jeppe? (s. 45-67). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1983). Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men, I Hooker, M.D. & Wilson S.G. (Red.). Paul and Paulinism. Essays in Honour of C.K. Barrett (s. 37-46). London.

Borgen, P. (1983a).  The early Church and the Hellenistic Synagogue. Studia Theologica 37, 55-78.

Borgen, P. (1983b).  Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men and other essays on Christian Origins. Trondheim: Tapir. Contains: Borgen 1980a; 1983; 1969a; 1983c; 1983a; 1966 (eng. transl.); 1981e; 1974 (eng. transl.); 1970d (eng. transl.); 1961; 1983c; 1983d og 1976/77.

Borgen, P. (1983c). Philo, Luke and Geography, I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 59-71.

Borgen, P. (1983d). Aristobulus – A Jewish exegete from Alexandria. I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 179-190.

Borgen, P. (1983e). Logos was the true Light, and other essays on The Gospel of John. Trondheim: Tapir.  Contains: Borgen 1959a; 1959; 1963; 1983f; 1968; 1970; 1972a; 1983g; 1976; 1979; 1977, + two previously unpublished works:

Borgen, P. (1983f). Bread from Heaven. Aspects of Debates on Expository Method and Form. I: Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 32-46.

Borgen, P. (1983g). Johns Use of the Old Testament and the Problem of Sources and Traditions. I. Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 81-91.

Borgen, P. (1984). Etterutdanning av lærere i Universitetets regi. Prismet 2-3, 86-90.

Borgen, P. (1984a). Filo, Diasporajøde Fra Aleksandria. Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Blant skriftlærde og fariseere: Jødedommen i oldtiden (s. 143-56). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1984b). Philo of Alexandria,” Jonge, M. de & Safrai, S. (Red.). Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum II,2 (s. 233-82). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1984c). Philo of Alexandria. A Critical and Synthetical Survey of Research Since World War II. I Haase, W. (Red.). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 21,1: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. 2, Principat. Religion: (Hellenistisches Judentum in römischer Zeit: Philon und Josephus). (s. 98-154). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Borgen, P. (1985). Bibel – kultur – identitet, i O. G. Winsnes (red.). Religionskunnskap og allmennutdannelse (s. 79-13). Trondheim: Tapir,

Borgen, P. (Red.). (1985a).  The Many and the One. Essays on Religion in the Graeco-Roman World Presented to H. Ludin Jansen. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1985b). The Cross-National Church for Jews and Greeks. Observations on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians. I Borgen 1985a, s. 225-248.

Borgen, P. (1986/87). Nattverdtradisjonen i 1. Kor. 10 og 11 som evangelietradisjon. Svensk Exegetisk årsbok 51-52, 32-9.

Borgen, P. (1986). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel, in J. Ashton (ed.), Interpretation of John. Issues in Religion and Theology 9 (s. 67-78). Philadelphia and London, 1986.

Borgen, P. (1987).  Creation, Logos and the Son: Observations on John 1:1-18 and 5:17-18. Ex Audite III, 88-97.

Borgen, P. (1987a). Kristne og staten i Det nye testamente, i P. Borgen et al. (red.), Teologi på tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm Bøckman (s. 33-41).Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987b). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater. I Bøckman P.W. (Red.). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater (s. 9-22). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987c). John and the Synoptics: Can Paul offer help? I Hawthorne, G.W. (Red.). Tradition and Interpretation in the New Testament. Essays in honor of E. Earle Ellis for his 60th Birthday (s. 80-94). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1987d). The Church as the Body of Christ, Doxology 4, 7-16.

Borgen, P. (1987e). Philo, John and Paul. New Perspectives on Judaism and Early Christianity. Brown Judaic Studies. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press. “These studies are either reproductions, elaborations or modifications of essays which have been previously published”: se 1970; 1984b; 1984c; 1980a; 1977; 1972a; 1963; 1983f; 1983a; 1980a; 1985a; og 1983c.

Borgen, P., Hognestad, O., Karlsaune, E., Rian D., & Øverland, P. (Red.). (1987f). Teologi på tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm Bøckman. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1988). Utredning om behovet for forskning innenfor området kulturarv-religionsundervisning-skole, UniTRel studieserie 8: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1988a). Catalogue of Vices, The Apostolic Decree, and the Jerusalem Meeting, I Neusner, J., Borgen, P., Frerichs, E.S., & Horsley. R. (Red.), The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism. Essays in Tribute to Howard Clark Kee (126-141). Philadelphia: Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1989a). Undervisning i kristendom, andre religioner og livssyn. I Vikan, A. & Aakervik, Aa. O. (Red.). Skolen mot år 2000. (s. 53-69). Namsos.

Borgen, P. (1989b). En tysk buddhist tolker kristendommen og dens historie. I Bøckman, P.W. (Red.). Kristendommen og religionene (s. 45-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1990). John and the Synoptics. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.).  The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV (s. 408-37). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1990a). John and the Synoptics: A Reply. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.). The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV. (s. 451-8). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1991). The Sabbath Controversy in John 5:1-18 and Analogous Controversy Reflected in Philos Writings. The Studia Philonica Annual 3, 209-21.

Borgen, P. (1991a). Miljø, skapelse og frelse. Nåtid og fremtid, I Borgen, P. (Red.) Miljøkrise og verdivalg: miljøkrisen i kristent perspektiv og som utfordring i samfunn og skole. (s. 35-56). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1991b). Metodistkirken, en tverrnasjonal kirke i Norge og i andre land, I Øverland, P. (Red.). Norges kristne kirkesamfunn. (s. 28-38). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1992).  The Independence of the Gospel of John. Some Observations. I  Segbroeeck, F. v., Tuckett, C., Belle, G.  &  Verheyden, J. (Red.). The Four Gospels 1992. Festschrift Frans Neirynck. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium (s. 1815-33). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1992a). Filo fra Alexandria. Jødisk filosof og Jesu samtidige, Midtøsten Forum. Tidsskrift om Midtøsten og Nord-Afrika nr 1, feb.,  40-46.

Borgen, P. (1992b). Judaism in Egypt. I Freedman, D. N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 3:H-J. New York: Doubleday, s. 1061-72.

Borgen, P. (1992c). There Shall Come Forth a Man Reflections on Messianic Ideas in Philo. J. H. Charlesworth (Red.), The Messiah. (s. 341-61). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg & Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1992d). Philo of Alexandria. I Freedman, D.N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 5 O-Sh. (s. 333-342). New York: Doubleday.

Borgen, P. (1992e). Philo and the Jews in Alexandria, I Bilde, P. Engberg-Pedersen,T.,  Hannestad, L. & Zahle, J. (Red.). Etnicity in Hellenistic Egypt (s. 122-138). Århus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1992f). Overcoming Fears. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Blisard, F. X. & Gorham, J.L. (Red.). Overcoming Fears Between Jews and Christians (s. 109-118). New York.

Borgen, P. (1992g). Et visst håp for framtiden. I Tofte, R. (Red.). Snart enige? Glimt fra samtaler mellom forskjellige kirkesamfunn (s. 78-79). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1993).  Metodistkirken. I Borgen, P. & Haraldsø, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.  (s. 231-244). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993a) & Bloch-Hoell, N.  Den reformerte kirke, I Borgen, P. & Haraldsø, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.  (s. 229-242). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993b).  Heavenly Ascent in Philo: An Examination of Selected Passages. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Evans, C.A. (Red.). The Pseudepigrapha and Early Biblical Interpretation. Journal for the Study of Pseudepigrapha Supplement Series. (s. 246-68). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Borgen, P. (1993c). John 6: Tradition, Interpretation and Composition. I De Boer, M.C. (Red.). From Jesus to John: Essays on Jesus and New Testament Christology in Honour of Marinus de Jonge. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 84  (s. 268-91). Sheffield: JSOT Press.

Borgen, P. (1993d).  Polemic in the Book of Revelation. I Evans, C.A. & Hagner, D. A. Anti-Semitism and Early Christianity: Issues of Polemic and Faith (s. 199-211). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1993e). Georg Wolff (1736-1828): Handelsmann, metodist og norsk-dansk konsul i fred og krig. I Utne, B.S. & Aarek, H.E. (Red.), «Dette Ukrudt fra Engellands sectrige og geile jordbund,» Rapport fra forskningsseminar om: «Den rolle kristne dissenterbevegelser – spesielt kvekerne – spilte i norsk kulturutvikling på 1800-tallet.». (s. 86-101). Stavanger.

Borgen, P. (1994).  Den Dansk-Norske Konsul Georg Wolff (1736-1828). Religion, Handel og Politikk i Dansk-Norsk og Engelsk miljø i London. I Andersen, H. W., Dahl, S., Haarstad, K., & Simensen, J. (Red.), Clios Tro Tjener. Festskrift til Per Fuglum. Skriftserie fra Historisk Institutt 1 (s.  45-75). Trondheim: Historisk Institutt: Universitetet i Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1994a). Yes, No, How Far?: The Participation of Jews and Christians in Pagan Cults. T. Engberg-Pedersen (Red.). Paul in His Hellenistic Context (s. 30-59). Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark.

Borgen, P. (1994b). Jesus Christ, the Reception of the Spirit, and a Cross-National Community. I Green, J. B. & Turner, M. (Red.). Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology (s. 220-35). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1994c). Man’s Sovereignty Over Animals and Nature According to Philo of Alexandria. I Fornberg, T. & Hellholm, D. (Red.). Texts and Contexts: Biblical Texts in Their Textual and Situational Contexts. Essays in Honor of Lars Hartman (s. 361-89). Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Borgen, P. (1994d). Militant proselytisme og misjon. Hvalvik, R. and Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Ad Acta: Studier til Apostlenes Gjerninger og urkristendommens historie (s. 9-26). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1994e). Misjon i nytestamentlig tid og i Metodistkirken i Europa i dag. Teologisk Forum VIII, 27-41.

Borgen, P. (1995). Some Hebrew and Pagan Features in Philo’s and Paul’s Interpretation of Hagar and Ishmael. I Borgen, P. & Giversen, S. (1995a). (Red.). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism (s. 151-64). Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. & S. Giversen. (Red.), (1995a). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996). Religionsfrihet og statskirke. BAPTIST. Tidsskrift for baptistisk historie, teologi og praksis nr. 2, 7-26.

Borgen, P. (1996a). In Accordance with the Scriptures. I Barclay, J. & Sweet, J. (Red.), Early Christian Thought in Its Jewish Context (s. 193-206). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996b). The Gospel of John and Hellenism: Some Observations I Culpepper, R. & Black, C. (Red.). Exploring the Gospel of John. In Honor of D. Moody Smith (s. 98-123). Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Borgen, P. (1996c). Moses, Jesus, and the Roman Emperor. Observations in Philo’s Writings and the Revelation of John. Novum Testamentum 38, 145-59.

Borgen, P. (1996d). Philo of Alexandria – A Systematic Philosopher or an Eclectic Editor? An Examination of His Exposition of the Laws of Moses. Symbolae Osloenses 71, 15-34.

Borgen, P. (1996e). Philantropia in Philo’s Writings. Some Observations. I  Elder, L. B., Barr, D. L., & Malbon, E. S. (Red.). Biblical and Humane. Festschrift for John Priest (s. 173-88). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1996f). Emperor Worship and Persecution in Philo’s In Flaccum and De Legatione ad Gaium and Revelation of John. I Cancik, H., Lichtenberger, H., & Shäfer, P. (Red.). Geschichte – Tradition – Religion. Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70. Geburtstag. Bnd III. Frühes Christentum (s. 493-509). Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Borgen, P. (1996g). Early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. Inneholder: 1994a; 1992b; 1991; 1990; 1990a; 1992; 1993c; 1988a; 1994b; 1993d; 1996h; 1996i; 1996j.

Borgen, P. (1996h). Militant and Peaceful Proselytism and Christian Mission. I Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 45-69.

Borgen, P. (1996i). Illegitimate Invasion and Proper Ascent. I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 293-307.

Borgen, P. (1996j). Autobiographical Ascent Reports: Philo and John the Seer, I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 309-320.

Borgen, P. (1997). Philo of Alexandria, An Exegete for His Time (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 86; Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1997).

Borgen, P. (1997a). Philo of Alexandria: Reviewing and Rewriting Biblical Material. Studia Philonica 9, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1997b). Samenes første Landsmøte 6-9 Februar 1917. Grunnlaget for Samefolkets dag 6. Februar. Historisk oversikt. Dokumentasjon. Kommentar. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1998). The Crossing of the Red Sea as Interpreted by Philo. Biblical Event – Liturgical Model – Cultural Application. I Hills, J.V. (Red.). Common Life in the Early Church. Essays Honoring Graydon F. Snyder (s. 77-90). Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International.

Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World (Emory Studies in Early Christianity. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998b). Proselytes, Conquest and Mission. I Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World. Emory Studies in Early Christianity (s. 57-77). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998c). George Scott – Wesleyan Missionary to Sweden: Aspects of His Preaching.  I Sykes, R., (red.). Beyond the Boundaries. Preaching in the Wesleyan Tradition. (s. 116-135). Oxford.

Borgen, P. (1999). Two Philonic Prayers and Their Contexts: An Analysis of Who is the Heir of Divine Things (Her.) 24-29 and Against Flaccus (Flac.) 170-175. New Testament Studies 45, 291-309.

Borgen, P. Kåre Fuglseth and Roald Skarsten (Red.). (2000). The Philo Index: A Complete Greek Word Index to the Writings of Philo of Alexandria. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2000a). “Openly Portrayed as Crucified: Some Observations on Gal 3:1-14. I Horrell, D. G. & Tuckett, C. M. (Red.). Christology, Controversy and Community. New Testament Essays in Honour of David R. Catchpole (s. 345-53). E.J. Brill: Leiden.

Borgen, P. (2000b). Philo’s Against Flaccus as Interpreted History, I Illman, K.-J., Ahlback, T., Back, S.-O. & Nurmela, R. (Red.). A Bouquet of Wisdom. Essays in Honour of Karl-Gustav Sandelin (s. 41-57). Åbo: Åbo Akademi.

Borgen, P. (2000c). Jøder og kristne. Følelse av slektskap-opplevelse av overgrep-forståelse av skyld-dialogens vei, I Jørgensen, Th., Rian D., & Winsnes, O. G. (Red.), Kropp og sjel. Festskrift til professor Olav Hognestad (s. 195-201). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (2001). Application of and Commitment to the Laws of Moses. Observations on Philos Treatise On the Embassy to Gaius. I  Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G. E. (Red.), In the Spirit of Faith: Studies in Philo and Early Christianity in Honor of David Hay. Studia Philonica Annual/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism Volume XIII. (s. 86-101). Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (2001a). Greek Encyclical Education, Philosophy and the Synagogue. Observations from Philo of Alexandrias Writings. I Matsson, O. et al. (Red.). Libens Merito. Festskrift til Stig Strømholm på sjuttioårsdagen 16 sept. 2001. Acta academiæ Regiæ Scientiarum Upsaliensis. Kungl. Vetenskapssamhällets Uppsala Handlingar 21 (s. 61-71). Uppsala.

Borgen, P. (2001b). George Wolff (1736-1828): Norwegian-born Merchant, Consul, Benevolent Methodist Layman, Close Friend of John Wesley, Methodist History 40, 17-28.

Borgen, P. (2001c). A Necessary and Important Step. I Getui, M.N., Maluleke, T., & Ukpong. (Red.). (2001). Interpreting the New Testament in Africa. (s. 1-4). Nairobi, Kenya: Acton Publishers.

Borgen, P. (2002). Avtalen ‘Nådens felleskap’ mellom Metodistkirken og Den norske kirke. Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 73, 185–98.

Borgen, P. (2003). The Gospel of John and Philo of Alexandria. I Charlesworth, J.H. (Red.).  Light in a Spotless Mirror. Reflections on Wisdom Traditions in Judaism and Early Christianity. London: Continuum. (s. 77–91).

Borgen, P. (2003a). Philo of Alexandria as Exegete. I Hauser, A.J., & Watson, D.F. (Red.). A History of Biblical Interpretation Vol 1: The Ancient Period (s. 114–43). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004). The Contrite Wrongdoer – Condemned or Set Free by the Spirit? Romans 7:7–8:4. I Stanton, G.N., Longenecker, B.W., & Barton, S.C. (Red.). The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins. Essays in Honor of James D. G. Dunn (s. 181-92). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004a). Ute-økumenikk og hjemme-økumenikk. Hendelser og erfaringer. I Sandnes, K.O., Hegstad, H., Heiene, G., & Thorbjørnsen, S. (Red.), Etikk, tro og pluralisme. Festskrift til Lars Østnor (s. 269-280). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Borgen, P. (2004b). Avhandlingen Das Volk Gottes. Dens økumeniske perspektiv, historiske kontekst og innflytelse. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 105, 12-20.

Borgen, P. (2005). Der Methodismus und die Anfänge der Pfingstbewegung in Norwegen: eine auf Thomas Ball Barratt konzentrierte Studie mit einem kurzen Hinweis auf Erik Andersen Nordquelle. I Streiff P.Ph. (Red.). Der europäische Methodismus um die Wende vom 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. EmK Geschichte – Monografien, Band 52, Medienwerk der Evangelisch-methodistischen Kirche (s. 237-257). Freiburg,

Borgen, P. (2006). Some Crime-and-Punishment Reports. I Neusner, J., Avery-Peck, A.J., Laato, A., Nurmela, R. & Sandelin, K.-G. (Red.). Ancient Israel, Judaism, and Christianity in Contemporary Perspective. Essays in Memory of Karl-Johan Illman. Studies in Judaism (s. 67–80). Lanham: University Press of America.

Borgen, P. (2006a). Crucified for His Own Sins – Crucified for Our Sins: Observations on a Pauline Perspective. I Fotopoulos, J. (Red.). The New Testament and Early Christian Literature in Greco-Roman Context. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 122 (s.17–35). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (2007). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus. I Thatcher, T. (Red.). What We Have Heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johaninne Studies (s. 39-58). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2009a). Ole Peter Petersen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009b). Odd Hagen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009c). Vei utenfor Allfarvei. Studier i skjæringspunktet mellom kirkehistorie, personalhistorie og samfunnshistorieTransactions of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1, Trondheim. Contains: 2009d; 1972 (norsk oversett.); 2001b (norsk oversett.); 2009e; 2005; 2004b (eng. oversett.), 2004a, samt 2009d-e.

Borgen, P. (2009d). Vei utenfor allfarvei -oversikt-hovedtemaer. I Borgen, 2009c, s. 7-20.

Borgen, P. (2009e). Ole Peter Petersen fra Glemmen (1822-1901). I Borgen, 2009c, s.87-128.

Borgen, P. (2010). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus, I Thatcher, T. (Red.), What we have heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johannine Studies (s. 39-59). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2013). On the Migration of Moses. I Feldman, L.H., et al. (Red.). Outside the Bible I (s. 951-58). Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society.

Borgen, P. (2014) The Gospel of John: More Light from Philo, Paul and Archaeology. The Scriptures, Tradition, Exposition, Settings, Meaning. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 154. Leiden-Boston: Brill. Comprises: 2010; 2014a;2014a; 2003, 2014b; 1996b; 1959a; 1990; 1992; 1968; 1991; 2014c; 2014d; 2014e; 2014f, og 2014g, and 2014a-g.

Borgen, P. (2014a) Debates on Expository Method and Form. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 29-39.

Borgen, P. (2014b). Gospel traditions in Paul and John: Methods and Structures. John and the Synoptics. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 67-77.

Borgen, P. (2014c). Observations on God’s agent and agency in John’s gospel Chapters 5-10: Agency and the Quest for the Historical Jesus. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 193-218.

Borgen, P. (2014d) John the Witness and the Prologue: John 1:1-34(37), I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 219-238.

Borgen, P. (2014e), Can Philo’s In Flaccum and Legatio ad Gaium be of Help? I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 241-260.

Borgen, P. (2014f), The Appearance to Thomas: Not a blasphemous claim, but the Truth, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 261-274.

Borgen, P. (2014g), Summary: John, Archaeology, Philo, Paul, Other Jewish sources. John’s independence of the Synoptics. Where my journey of research has led, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 275-294.

Borgen, P. (2014h) Philo – An Interpreter of the Laws of Moses. I Seland, T., (2014). (Red.). Reading Philo. A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria (s. 75-101). Grand Rapids, Mi.: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2016). Alternative Aims and Choices in Education: Analysis of Selected Texts. I Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G.E. (Red.). The Studia Philonica Annual XXVIII 2016/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism (s. 257-271). Atlanta, Ga: SBL Press.

Borgen, P. (2017). Bread from Heaven. An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. The Johannine Monograph Series. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2017. Reprint of the 1965/1981 editions, with a Foreword by Paul. N. Andersson (ix-xxxiv), and a new Preface by P. Borgen.

Borgen, P. (2018). Perspectives for Mission: Galatians 3:1-14 in Context. I Aune, D.E & Hvalvik, R. (Red.), The Church and Its Mission in the New Testament and Early Christianity. Essays in Memory of Hans Kvalbein. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 404 (s. 181-192) Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.