Greg E. Sterling 65!

I presume that every person who wants to get a little more acquainted with Philo of Alexandria and his works, and who starts by looking up some recent books, articles, bibliographies (not to mention The Studia Philonica), will soon discover that there are some names that pop up more often than others. And among these, the name of Greg E. Sterling will be prominent, not only because of the amount of references and articles discovered as authored by Greg Sterling, but also by the range of various topics and the quality of the articles found.

In the Annual Meeting of the Society of Biblical Literature there use to be a Philo Seminar with two or three sessions dedicated to the study of Philo of Alexandria. Those visiting the seminar for the first time, will – probably very soon – discover a robust guy (who looks like a former wrestler) with glasses, grey hair and a short-cut grey beard, who steps forward either as a lecturer, providing a response, or asking questions from the audience: Yes, it will most probably be Greg E. Sterling. In November 2019, a few days before the Annual Meeting of that year started, Greg Sterling could celebrate his 65th birthday (on Nov 21st).

There were, however, no Festschrift presented that year. And when the time for the next SBL Annual Meeting arrived, and the Festschrift was about to be presented, that Meeting was to be arranged online, due to the Corona Virus! Now, in 2021, we are almost getting used to these awkward (and for some terrible circumstances of the) pandemic), and we can only hope for an Annual Meeting in person upcoming November. Time will tell.

But the Festschrift was there, and is here. In a special on-line arrangement via Zoom, the volume was presented to Greg Sterling; the 2020 volume of The Studia Philonica Annual. Studies in Hellenistic Judaism, edited by David T. Runia and Michael B. Cover, and published by SBL Press.

Happily, for all those who were not able to attend that session on Zoom, there was made a video of the session, a video that now is made available for all to see; by clicking on this link:

Better late than never; Happy Birthday Greg.

A Peder Borgen Biography

Torrey Seland,

Peder Borgen. Metodist – Økumen – Professor i en brytningstid.

Cappelen Damm Akademisk, Oslo, Des. 2020.  ca. 350 s.

I denne boken presenteres en repre­sentant for en av frikirkene i Norge, Peder Johan Borgen (1928-). Borgen var metodist, forkynner, kirke­politiker, økumen, og universitets­professor i kristendoms­kunn­skap, og er en inter­nasjonalt anerkjent bibel­forsker.

Som metodist i Norge ble Borgen en ivrig for­kjemper for frikirkenes plass i det norske kirkelandskap, og for religions­­­frihet i vid forstand. Beskrivelsen av hans liv kan dermed også leses som uttrykk for erfaringer som mange innen frikirkene i Norge kunne oppleve. Boken forsøker slik å bringe ny innsikt i og forståelse for frikirkenes plass i norsk kirkeliv som på denne tiden var så preget både av Den norske kirkes hegemoniske rolle og manglende økumeniske interesse og arbeid. Samtidig gir den en omfattende oversikt over Peder Borgens liv og innsats i norsk universitets- og samfunnsliv og internasjonale bibelforskning.

Vale Tom Tobin

About a week ago I received the sad news that Tom Tobin had passed away at 9:25 a.m. on Sunday, August 30th, due to heart complications. He was a respected Philo,- and Pauline scholar, and a Facebook friend. We also always met at the SBL Annual Meeting’s Philo seminars. Here is some words in memory of Tom, written by Greg Sterling:

“Tom was a first-rate scholar. I still remember reading his The Creation of Man when I was a doctoral student. What most impressed me was the care that he took with the text and the way that he attempted to work through the exegetical traditions systematically and chronologically. One does not need to agree with all of his conclusions to appreciate the quality of the mind that produced the work. When I invited a small group of scholars to Notre Dame to plan the commentary series, Tom was on the must list of invitees.

His work on Philo in this and in his other publications impressed me so much that when I stepped down as chair of the Philo Seminar/Group, I nominated Tom to succeed me. When David Hay died suddenly, David Runia and I discussed whom we should ask to succeed David Hay as the editor of the monograph series and both reached the same judgment, Tom Tobin. For many years he has also been the chair of the board of the Studia Philonica Annual.

Tom was a priest who gave his life in service as a Jesuit. He did not wear his priesthood on his sleeves, but he took his vows with utter seriousness and served many. Tom was a “Chicago” boy through and through. He loved the city and knew it exceptionally well. He could tell you stories about where gangsters used to eat etc.  He has lived in his city, in a university run by the order of priests to which he belonged, and is now home. But we will miss him!

Requiescat in pace carus et dignus amicus.

There are also many greetings and nice words about him on his Facebook page; see

Bibliographia Borgeniana

This post contains a comprehensive Bibliography of Professor Peder J. Borgen for the years of 1949 to 2018. Borgen was 92 last January, but there might still come an article or two; I know he is working on something! 🙂 

The bibliography is originally written for Norwegian readers, and contains a few Norwegian terms; Red=abbr. for editor;  i=in; s=p =page. Articles in Newspapers are not included.

Articles and books by Peder Borgen 1949-2018 (books are given i bold types)

(1949). Festskrift ved Lillestrøm Metodistmenighets 50-års jubileum 3-9-1949. Utarbeidet av stud. teol. Peder Borgen. Lillestrøm Blads Trykkeri.

Borgen, P. (1956). Eschatology and Heilsgeschichte in Luke-Acts. PhD Dissertation, Drew University, New Jersey, USA. (Arkivutgave; upublisert).

Borgen, P. (1959). The Unity of the Discourse in John 6. Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 50, 277-278

Borgen, P. (1959a). John and the Synoptics in the Passion Narrative. New Testament Studies 5, 246-259.

Borgen, P. (1960). Brød fra himmel og fra jord. Om Haggada i Palestinsk Midrasj, hos Philo og i Johannesevangeliet. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 61, 318-240.

Borgen, P. (1961). At the Age of Twenty in I QSa. Revue de Qumran 3, 267-277

Borgen, P. (1963). Observations on the Midrashic Character of John 6. Zeitschrift für die neutestamentliche Wissenschaft und die Kunde der älteren Kirche 54, 232-240.

Borgen, P. (1965). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. Supplements to Novum Testamentum: Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1966). Den såkalte Gyldne Regel (Matt. 7:12, Luk. 6:31), dens forekomst i Det nye testamentes omverden og dens innhold i evangelienes kontekst. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 67, 129-46.

Borgen, P. (1966a). Von Paulus zu Lukas. Beobachtungen zur Erhellung der Theologie der Lukasschriften. Studia Theologica 20, 140-57.

Borgen, P. (1968). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel. I Neusner, J. (Red.). Religions in Antiquity. E. R. Goodenough Memorial Volume (s. 137-148). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1969). Eine allgemein-etische Maxime. Temenos 5, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1969a). From Paul to Luke: Observations Toward Clarification of the Theology of Luke-Acts. Catholic Biblical Quarterly 31, 168-82.

Borgen, P. (1970). Observations on the Targumic Character of the Prologue in John, New Testament Studies 16, 13-20.

Borgen, P. (1970a). Logos var det sanne lys.  Svensk Exegetisk Årsskrift XXXV, 79-95.

Borgen, P. (1970c). Johannes-prologen som eksegese, i P. Mehren, K. Skorgevik, J. Wendel (Red.), Skrift og Skole. Festskrift til O. Hjelde (s. 73-84). Oslo: Land og Kirke.

Borgen, P. (1970d). En tradisjonshistorisk analyse av materialet om Jesu fødsel hos Ignatius, Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 42, 37-44.

Borgen, P. (1971). & Roald Skarsten, Bibelvitenskap, gresk og EDB, Maskinleselig tekst og indeks av Philo fra Alexandrias skrifter, FORSKNINGSNYTT fra Norges allmennvitenskapelige forskningsråd nr. 3, 37-39+50.

Borgen, P. (1971a). Ekumeniske tendenser og problemer i metodismen. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 72, 19-42.

Borgen, P. (1972). Johannes Olsonius. Theosophus et Medicus Bergensis. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 73, 1-26.

Borgen, P. (1972a). Logos was the true Light, Novum Testamentum 14, 95-110.

Borgen, P. (1973). Philo Judeus: Om dannelsen av verden, I Wyller, E. A. (Red.), Platonisme i Antikk og Middelalder (s. 113-123). Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1974). Tanker i Det nye testamentet om kristen enhet, Lumen 17, 1-19.

Borgen, P. (1976). The Place of the Old Testament in the Formation of New Testament Theology. Response, New Testament Studies 23, 67-75.

Borgen, P. (1976/77). & Skarsten, Roald, Questiones et Solutiones: Some Observations on the Form of Philos Exegesis. Studia Philonica 4, 1-16.

Borgen, P. (1977). Some Jewish Exegetical Traditions as Background for Son of Man Sayings in the Fourth Gospel (Jn 3:13-14 and context. I Jonge, M. De. (Red.). L‘Evangelie de Jean. (s. 243-258). Gembloux.

Borgen, P. (1977a). Der Logos war das wahre Licht. Beitrage zur Deutung des Johannesichen Prologs, in A. Fuchs, Theologie aus dem Norden. Studie zum Neuen Testament in seiner Umwelt (SNTU), Seria A, Band 2, (s. 99-117). Freistadt.

Borgen, P. (1979). The Use of Tradition in John 12,44-50, New Testament Studies 26, 49-66.

Borgen, P. (1979a). Religiøs Pluralisme i nytestamentlig tid. I Borgen, P. (Red.). Religiøs pluralisme i bibelsk tid og i Norge i dag (s. 101-118). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980). Helbredelsesundere i Det nye testamente, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Mennesket og naturen i kristendom og naturvitenskap (s. 43-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1980a). Observations on the Theme Paul and Philo: Paul’s Preaching of Circumcision in Galatia (Gal 5:11) and Debates on Circumcision in Philo, I Pedersen. S.  (Red.).  Die Paulinische Literatur und Theologie (s. 85-102). Århus: Forlaget Aros.

Borgen, P. (1980b). Nomisme og libertinisme i Paulus brev til Galaterne. Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 51, 257-267.

Borgen, P. (1980c). Det nye testamentes omverden. Tekster i oversettelse med innledninger. Utvalgte greske tekster og ordlister. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1980/81). Fornuftens, erfaringens og den sosiale konteksts rolle i relasjon til Skriftens autoritet, Nordisk ekumenisk årsbok, 35-48.

Borgen, P. (1981). Fra Bibeltolkningens historie og aktuelle debatt, i Borgen, P. (Red.). Bibelen i brennpunktet for tro, historie og litteratur (s. 83-110). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981a). Biblical Authority and the authenticity of the church in relationship to auxiliary keys such as reason, experience, and social contexts, Epworth Review 8, 72-81.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Kirkebevegelse og foreningsbevegelse. I Øverland, P. (Red.). Norske Frikirker. Framvekst og konfesjonell egenart i brytning med statskirkelighet (s. 9-33). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1981b). Bread from Heaven: An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. 2. Opplag. Supplements to Novum Testamentum. Leiden: E.J. Brill.

Borgen, P. (1981c). Synd och nåd, Tro och Liv 3, 29-34.

Borgen, P. (1981d). Miracles of Healing in the New Testament, Studia Theologica 24, 91-106.

Borgen, P. (1981e). Grunnleggelse, motgang og fremgang 1884-1914, I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 år. 1881- 6. november – 1981 (s. 9-50). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1981f). Odd Hagen. I Kirken i Sentrum. Trondheim Metodistmenighet 100 år. 1881- 6. november – 1981. (s. 184-186). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1982). Dåp i Det nye testament og i konfesjonell debatt. Norsk Forlagsselskap: Oslo.

Borgen, P. (1982a). Jesus og de fattige, Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 83, 19-32.

Borgen, P. (1982b). Hvilket menneskesyn? Hvilket livssyn? I Borgen, P. (Red.). Hvem er Jeppe? (s. 45-67). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1983). Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men, I Hooker, M.D. & Wilson S.G. (Red.). Paul and Paulinism. Essays in Honour of C.K. Barrett (s. 37-46). London.

Borgen, P. (1983a).  The early Church and the Hellenistic Synagogue. Studia Theologica 37, 55-78.

Borgen, P. (1983b).  Paul Preaches Circumcision and Pleases Men and other essays on Christian Origins. Trondheim: Tapir. Contains: Borgen 1980a; 1983; 1969a; 1983c; 1983a; 1966 (eng. transl.); 1981e; 1974 (eng. transl.); 1970d (eng. transl.); 1961; 1983c; 1983d og 1976/77.

Borgen, P. (1983c). Philo, Luke and Geography, I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 59-71.

Borgen, P. (1983d). Aristobulus – A Jewish exegete from Alexandria. I Borgen, P. (1983b), s. 179-190.

Borgen, P. (1983e). Logos was the true Light, and other essays on The Gospel of John. Trondheim: Tapir.  Contains: Borgen 1959a; 1959; 1963; 1983f; 1968; 1970; 1972a; 1983g; 1976; 1979; 1977, + two previously unpublished works:

Borgen, P. (1983f). Bread from Heaven. Aspects of Debates on Expository Method and Form. I: Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 32-46.

Borgen, P. (1983g). Johns Use of the Old Testament and the Problem of Sources and Traditions. I. Borgen, P. (1983e), s. 81-91.

Borgen, P. (1984). Etterutdanning av lærere i Universitetets regi. Prismet 2-3, 86-90.

Borgen, P. (1984a). Filo, Diasporajøde Fra Aleksandria. Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Blant skriftlærde og fariseere: Jødedommen i oldtiden (s. 143-56). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1984b). Philo of Alexandria,” Jonge, M. de & Safrai, S. (Red.). Compendia Rerum Iudaicarum ad Novum Testamentum II,2 (s. 233-82). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1984c). Philo of Alexandria. A Critical and Synthetical Survey of Research Since World War II. I Haase, W. (Red.). Aufstieg und Niedergang der römischen Welt II 21,1: Geschichte und Kultur Roms im Spiegel der neueren Forschung. 2, Principat. Religion: (Hellenistisches Judentum in römischer Zeit: Philon und Josephus). (s. 98-154). Berlin: Walter de Gruyter.

Borgen, P. (1985). Bibel – kultur – identitet, i O. G. Winsnes (red.). Religionskunnskap og allmennutdannelse (s. 79-13). Trondheim: Tapir,

Borgen, P. (Red.). (1985a).  The Many and the One. Essays on Religion in the Graeco-Roman World Presented to H. Ludin Jansen. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1985b). The Cross-National Church for Jews and Greeks. Observations on Paul’s Letter to the Galatians. I Borgen 1985a, s. 225-248.

Borgen, P. (1986/87). Nattverdtradisjonen i 1. Kor. 10 og 11 som evangelietradisjon. Svensk Exegetisk årsbok 51-52, 32-9.

Borgen, P. (1986). Gods Agent in the Fourth Gospel, in J. Ashton (ed.), Interpretation of John. Issues in Religion and Theology 9 (s. 67-78). Philadelphia and London, 1986.

Borgen, P. (1987).  Creation, Logos and the Son: Observations on John 1:1-18 and 5:17-18. Ex Audite III, 88-97.

Borgen, P. (1987a). Kristne og staten i Det nye testamente, i P. Borgen et al. (red.), Teologi på tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm Bøckman (s. 33-41).Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987b). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater. I Bøckman P.W. (Red.). Bibelske tema i litteratur, film og teater (s. 9-22). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1987c). John and the Synoptics: Can Paul offer help? I Hawthorne, G.W. (Red.). Tradition and Interpretation in the New Testament. Essays in honor of E. Earle Ellis for his 60th Birthday (s. 80-94). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1987d). The Church as the Body of Christ, Doxology 4, 7-16.

Borgen, P. (1987e). Philo, John and Paul. New Perspectives on Judaism and Early Christianity. Brown Judaic Studies. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press. “These studies are either reproductions, elaborations or modifications of essays which have been previously published”: se 1970; 1984b; 1984c; 1980a; 1977; 1972a; 1963; 1983f; 1983a; 1980a; 1985a; og 1983c.

Borgen, P., Hognestad, O., Karlsaune, E., Rian D., & Øverland, P. (Red.). (1987f). Teologi på tidens torg. Festskrift til Peter Wilhelm Bøckman. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1988). Utredning om behovet for forskning innenfor området kulturarv-religionsundervisning-skole, UniTRel studieserie 8: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1988a). Catalogue of Vices, The Apostolic Decree, and the Jerusalem Meeting, I Neusner, J., Borgen, P., Frerichs, E.S., & Horsley. R. (Red.), The Social World of Formative Christianity and Judaism. Essays in Tribute to Howard Clark Kee (126-141). Philadelphia: Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1989a). Undervisning i kristendom, andre religioner og livssyn. I Vikan, A. & Aakervik, Aa. O. (Red.). Skolen mot år 2000. (s. 53-69). Namsos.

Borgen, P. (1989b). En tysk buddhist tolker kristendommen og dens historie. I Bøckman, P.W. (Red.). Kristendommen og religionene (s. 45-64). Tapir: Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1990). John and the Synoptics. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.).  The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV (s. 408-37). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1990a). John and the Synoptics: A Reply. I Dungan, D. L. (Red.). The Interrelations of the Gospels. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium XCV. (s. 451-8). Leuven: Leuven University Press.

Borgen, P. (1991). The Sabbath Controversy in John 5:1-18 and Analogous Controversy Reflected in Philos Writings. The Studia Philonica Annual 3, 209-21.

Borgen, P. (1991a). Miljø, skapelse og frelse. Nåtid og fremtid, I Borgen, P. (Red.) Miljøkrise og verdivalg: miljøkrisen i kristent perspektiv og som utfordring i samfunn og skole. (s. 35-56). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1991b). Metodistkirken, en tverrnasjonal kirke i Norge og i andre land, I Øverland, P. (Red.). Norges kristne kirkesamfunn. (s. 28-38). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1992).  The Independence of the Gospel of John. Some Observations. I  Segbroeeck, F. v., Tuckett, C., Belle, G.  &  Verheyden, J. (Red.). The Four Gospels 1992. Festschrift Frans Neirynck. Bibliotheca Ephemeridum Theologicarum Lovaniensium (s. 1815-33). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (1992a). Filo fra Alexandria. Jødisk filosof og Jesu samtidige, Midtøsten Forum. Tidsskrift om Midtøsten og Nord-Afrika nr 1, feb.,  40-46.

Borgen, P. (1992b). Judaism in Egypt. I Freedman, D. N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 3:H-J. New York: Doubleday, s. 1061-72.

Borgen, P. (1992c). There Shall Come Forth a Man Reflections on Messianic Ideas in Philo. J. H. Charlesworth (Red.), The Messiah. (s. 341-61). Minneapolis, MN: Augsburg & Fortress.

Borgen, P. (1992d). Philo of Alexandria. I Freedman, D.N. (Red.). The Anchor Bible Dictionary Vol 5 O-Sh. (s. 333-342). New York: Doubleday.

Borgen, P. (1992e). Philo and the Jews in Alexandria, I Bilde, P. Engberg-Pedersen,T.,  Hannestad, L. & Zahle, J. (Red.). Etnicity in Hellenistic Egypt (s. 122-138). Århus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1992f). Overcoming Fears. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Blisard, F. X. & Gorham, J.L. (Red.). Overcoming Fears Between Jews and Christians (s. 109-118). New York.

Borgen, P. (1992g). Et visst håp for framtiden. I Tofte, R. (Red.). Snart enige? Glimt fra samtaler mellom forskjellige kirkesamfunn (s. 78-79). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1993).  Metodistkirken. I Borgen, P. & Haraldsø, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.  (s. 231-244). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993a) & Bloch-Hoell, N.  Den reformerte kirke, I Borgen, P. & Haraldsø, B. (Red.). Kristne kirker og trossamfunn.  (s. 229-242). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1993b).  Heavenly Ascent in Philo: An Examination of Selected Passages. I Charlesworth, J. H. & Evans, C.A. (Red.). The Pseudepigrapha and Early Biblical Interpretation. Journal for the Study of Pseudepigrapha Supplement Series. (s. 246-68). Sheffield: Sheffield Academic Press.

Borgen, P. (1993c). John 6: Tradition, Interpretation and Composition. I De Boer, M.C. (Red.). From Jesus to John: Essays on Jesus and New Testament Christology in Honour of Marinus de Jonge. Journal for the Study of the New Testament Supplement Series 84  (s. 268-91). Sheffield: JSOT Press.

Borgen, P. (1993d).  Polemic in the Book of Revelation. I Evans, C.A. & Hagner, D. A. Anti-Semitism and Early Christianity: Issues of Polemic and Faith (s. 199-211). Minneapolis: Fortress Press.

Borgen, P. (1993e). Georg Wolff (1736-1828): Handelsmann, metodist og norsk-dansk konsul i fred og krig. I Utne, B.S. & Aarek, H.E. (Red.), «Dette Ukrudt fra Engellands sectrige og geile jordbund,» Rapport fra forskningsseminar om: «Den rolle kristne dissenterbevegelser – spesielt kvekerne – spilte i norsk kulturutvikling på 1800-tallet.». (s. 86-101). Stavanger.

Borgen, P. (1994).  Den Dansk-Norske Konsul Georg Wolff (1736-1828). Religion, Handel og Politikk i Dansk-Norsk og Engelsk miljø i London. I Andersen, H. W., Dahl, S., Haarstad, K., & Simensen, J. (Red.), Clios Tro Tjener. Festskrift til Per Fuglum. Skriftserie fra Historisk Institutt 1 (s.  45-75). Trondheim: Historisk Institutt: Universitetet i Trondheim.

Borgen, P. (1994a). Yes, No, How Far?: The Participation of Jews and Christians in Pagan Cults. T. Engberg-Pedersen (Red.). Paul in His Hellenistic Context (s. 30-59). Edinburgh: T.&T. Clark.

Borgen, P. (1994b). Jesus Christ, the Reception of the Spirit, and a Cross-National Community. I Green, J. B. & Turner, M. (Red.). Jesus of Nazareth: Lord and Christ: Essays on the Historical Jesus and New Testament Christology (s. 220-35). Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (1994c). Man’s Sovereignty Over Animals and Nature According to Philo of Alexandria. I Fornberg, T. & Hellholm, D. (Red.). Texts and Contexts: Biblical Texts in Their Textual and Situational Contexts. Essays in Honor of Lars Hartman (s. 361-89). Oslo: Scandinavian University Press.

Borgen, P. (1994d). Militant proselytisme og misjon. Hvalvik, R. and Kvalbein, H. (Red.), Ad Acta: Studier til Apostlenes Gjerninger og urkristendommens historie (s. 9-26). Oslo: Verbum.

Borgen, P. (1994e). Misjon i nytestamentlig tid og i Metodistkirken i Europa i dag. Teologisk Forum VIII, 27-41.

Borgen, P. (1995). Some Hebrew and Pagan Features in Philo’s and Paul’s Interpretation of Hagar and Ishmael. I Borgen, P. & Giversen, S. (1995a). (Red.). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism (s. 151-64). Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. & S. Giversen. (Red.), (1995a). The New Testament and Hellenistic Judaism. Aarhus: Aarhus University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996). Religionsfrihet og statskirke. BAPTIST. Tidsskrift for baptistisk historie, teologi og praksis nr. 2, 7-26.

Borgen, P. (1996a). In Accordance with the Scriptures. I Barclay, J. & Sweet, J. (Red.), Early Christian Thought in Its Jewish Context (s. 193-206). Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Borgen, P. (1996b). The Gospel of John and Hellenism: Some Observations I Culpepper, R. & Black, C. (Red.). Exploring the Gospel of John. In Honor of D. Moody Smith (s. 98-123). Louisville, Kentucky: Westminster John Knox Press.

Borgen, P. (1996c). Moses, Jesus, and the Roman Emperor. Observations in Philo’s Writings and the Revelation of John. Novum Testamentum 38, 145-59.

Borgen, P. (1996d). Philo of Alexandria – A Systematic Philosopher or an Eclectic Editor? An Examination of His Exposition of the Laws of Moses. Symbolae Osloenses 71, 15-34.

Borgen, P. (1996e). Philantropia in Philo’s Writings. Some Observations. I  Elder, L. B., Barr, D. L., & Malbon, E. S. (Red.). Biblical and Humane. Festschrift for John Priest (s. 173-88). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1996f). Emperor Worship and Persecution in Philo’s In Flaccum and De Legatione ad Gaium and Revelation of John. I Cancik, H., Lichtenberger, H., & Shäfer, P. (Red.). Geschichte – Tradition – Religion. Festschrift für Martin Hengel zum 70. Geburtstag. Bnd III. Frühes Christentum (s. 493-509). Tübingen: Mohr-Siebeck.

Borgen, P. (1996g). Early Christianity and Hellenistic Judaism. Edinburgh: T&T Clark. Inneholder: 1994a; 1992b; 1991; 1990; 1990a; 1992; 1993c; 1988a; 1994b; 1993d; 1996h; 1996i; 1996j.

Borgen, P. (1996h). Militant and Peaceful Proselytism and Christian Mission. I Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 45-69.

Borgen, P. (1996i). Illegitimate Invasion and Proper Ascent. I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 293-307.

Borgen, P. (1996j). Autobiographical Ascent Reports: Philo and John the Seer, I: Borgen, P. (1996g). s. 309-320.

Borgen, P. (1997). Philo of Alexandria, An Exegete for His Time (Supplements to Novum Testamentum 86; Leiden: E.J. Brill, 1997).

Borgen, P. (1997a). Philo of Alexandria: Reviewing and Rewriting Biblical Material. Studia Philonica 9, 37-53.

Borgen, P. (1997b). Samenes første Landsmøte 6-9 Februar 1917. Grunnlaget for Samefolkets dag 6. Februar. Historisk oversikt. Dokumentasjon. Kommentar. Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (1998). The Crossing of the Red Sea as Interpreted by Philo. Biblical Event – Liturgical Model – Cultural Application. I Hills, J.V. (Red.). Common Life in the Early Church. Essays Honoring Graydon F. Snyder (s. 77-90). Harrisburg, PA: Trinity Press International.

Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World (Emory Studies in Early Christianity. Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998b). Proselytes, Conquest and Mission. I Borgen, P., Robbins V. K., & Gowler D. B. (Red.). (1998a). Recruitment, Conquest, and Conflict. Strategies in Judaism, Early Christianity, and the Greco-Roman World. Emory Studies in Early Christianity (s. 57-77). Atlanta, Georgia: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (1998c). George Scott – Wesleyan Missionary to Sweden: Aspects of His Preaching.  I Sykes, R., (red.). Beyond the Boundaries. Preaching in the Wesleyan Tradition. (s. 116-135). Oxford.

Borgen, P. (1999). Two Philonic Prayers and Their Contexts: An Analysis of Who is the Heir of Divine Things (Her.) 24-29 and Against Flaccus (Flac.) 170-175. New Testament Studies 45, 291-309.

Borgen, P. Kåre Fuglseth and Roald Skarsten (Red.). (2000). The Philo Index: A Complete Greek Word Index to the Writings of Philo of Alexandria. Grand Rapids: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2000a). “Openly Portrayed as Crucified: Some Observations on Gal 3:1-14. I Horrell, D. G. & Tuckett, C. M. (Red.). Christology, Controversy and Community. New Testament Essays in Honour of David R. Catchpole (s. 345-53). E.J. Brill: Leiden.

Borgen, P. (2000b). Philo’s Against Flaccus as Interpreted History, I Illman, K.-J., Ahlback, T., Back, S.-O. & Nurmela, R. (Red.). A Bouquet of Wisdom. Essays in Honour of Karl-Gustav Sandelin (s. 41-57). Åbo: Åbo Akademi.

Borgen, P. (2000c). Jøder og kristne. Følelse av slektskap-opplevelse av overgrep-forståelse av skyld-dialogens vei, I Jørgensen, Th., Rian D., & Winsnes, O. G. (Red.), Kropp og sjel. Festskrift til professor Olav Hognestad (s. 195-201). Trondheim: Tapir.

Borgen, P. (2001). Application of and Commitment to the Laws of Moses. Observations on Philos Treatise On the Embassy to Gaius. I  Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G. E. (Red.), In the Spirit of Faith: Studies in Philo and Early Christianity in Honor of David Hay. Studia Philonica Annual/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism Volume XIII. (s. 86-101). Atlanta, GA: Scholars Press.

Borgen, P. (2001a). Greek Encyclical Education, Philosophy and the Synagogue. Observations from Philo of Alexandrias Writings. I Matsson, O. et al. (Red.). Libens Merito. Festskrift til Stig Strømholm på sjuttioårsdagen 16 sept. 2001. Acta academiæ Regiæ Scientiarum Upsaliensis. Kungl. Vetenskapssamhällets Uppsala Handlingar 21 (s. 61-71). Uppsala.

Borgen, P. (2001b). George Wolff (1736-1828): Norwegian-born Merchant, Consul, Benevolent Methodist Layman, Close Friend of John Wesley, Methodist History 40, 17-28.

Borgen, P. (2001c). A Necessary and Important Step. I Getui, M.N., Maluleke, T., & Ukpong. (Red.). (2001). Interpreting the New Testament in Africa. (s. 1-4). Nairobi, Kenya: Acton Publishers.

Borgen, P. (2002). Avtalen ‘Nådens felleskap’ mellom Metodistkirken og Den norske kirke. Tidsskrift for Teologi og Kirke 73, 185–98.

Borgen, P. (2003). The Gospel of John and Philo of Alexandria. I Charlesworth, J.H. (Red.).  Light in a Spotless Mirror. Reflections on Wisdom Traditions in Judaism and Early Christianity. London: Continuum. (s. 77–91).

Borgen, P. (2003a). Philo of Alexandria as Exegete. I Hauser, A.J., & Watson, D.F. (Red.). A History of Biblical Interpretation Vol 1: The Ancient Period (s. 114–43). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004). The Contrite Wrongdoer – Condemned or Set Free by the Spirit? Romans 7:7–8:4. I Stanton, G.N., Longenecker, B.W., & Barton, S.C. (Red.). The Holy Spirit and Christian Origins. Essays in Honor of James D. G. Dunn (s. 181-92). Grand Rapids, Mi: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2004a). Ute-økumenikk og hjemme-økumenikk. Hendelser og erfaringer. I Sandnes, K.O., Hegstad, H., Heiene, G., & Thorbjørnsen, S. (Red.), Etikk, tro og pluralisme. Festskrift til Lars Østnor (s. 269-280). Bergen: Fagbokforlaget.

Borgen, P. (2004b). Avhandlingen Das Volk Gottes. Dens økumeniske perspektiv, historiske kontekst og innflytelse. Norsk Teologisk Tidsskrift 105, 12-20.

Borgen, P. (2005). Der Methodismus und die Anfänge der Pfingstbewegung in Norwegen: eine auf Thomas Ball Barratt konzentrierte Studie mit einem kurzen Hinweis auf Erik Andersen Nordquelle. I Streiff P.Ph. (Red.). Der europäische Methodismus um die Wende vom 19. und 20. Jahrhundert. EmK Geschichte – Monografien, Band 52, Medienwerk der Evangelisch-methodistischen Kirche (s. 237-257). Freiburg,

Borgen, P. (2006). Some Crime-and-Punishment Reports. I Neusner, J., Avery-Peck, A.J., Laato, A., Nurmela, R. & Sandelin, K.-G. (Red.). Ancient Israel, Judaism, and Christianity in Contemporary Perspective. Essays in Memory of Karl-Johan Illman. Studies in Judaism (s. 67–80). Lanham: University Press of America.

Borgen, P. (2006a). Crucified for His Own Sins – Crucified for Our Sins: Observations on a Pauline Perspective. I Fotopoulos, J. (Red.). The New Testament and Early Christian Literature in Greco-Roman Context. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 122 (s.17–35). Leiden: Brill.

Borgen, P. (2007). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus. I Thatcher, T. (Red.). What We Have Heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johaninne Studies (s. 39-58). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2009a). Ole Peter Petersen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009b). Odd Hagen, Norsk biografisk leksikon. Internet edition:

Borgen, P. (2009c). Vei utenfor Allfarvei. Studier i skjæringspunktet mellom kirkehistorie, personalhistorie og samfunnshistorieTransactions of The Royal Norwegian Society of Sciences and Letters, 1, Trondheim. Contains: 2009d; 1972 (norsk oversett.); 2001b (norsk oversett.); 2009e; 2005; 2004b (eng. oversett.), 2004a, samt 2009d-e.

Borgen, P. (2009d). Vei utenfor allfarvei -oversikt-hovedtemaer. I Borgen, 2009c, s. 7-20.

Borgen, P. (2009e). Ole Peter Petersen fra Glemmen (1822-1901). I Borgen, 2009c, s.87-128.

Borgen, P. (2010). The Scriptures and the Words and Works of Jesus, I Thatcher, T. (Red.), What we have heard from the Beginning. The Past, Present, and Future of Johannine Studies (s. 39-59). Waco, Texas: Baylor University Press.

Borgen, P. (2013). On the Migration of Moses. I Feldman, L.H., et al. (Red.). Outside the Bible I (s. 951-58). Philadelphia: The Jewish Publication Society.

Borgen, P. (2014) The Gospel of John: More Light from Philo, Paul and Archaeology. The Scriptures, Tradition, Exposition, Settings, Meaning. Supplements to Novum Testamentum 154. Leiden-Boston: Brill. Comprises: 2010; 2014a;2014a; 2003, 2014b; 1996b; 1959a; 1990; 1992; 1968; 1991; 2014c; 2014d; 2014e; 2014f, og 2014g, and 2014a-g.

Borgen, P. (2014a) Debates on Expository Method and Form. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 29-39.

Borgen, P. (2014b). Gospel traditions in Paul and John: Methods and Structures. John and the Synoptics. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 67-77.

Borgen, P. (2014c). Observations on God’s agent and agency in John’s gospel Chapters 5-10: Agency and the Quest for the Historical Jesus. I Borgen, P. 2014, s. 193-218.

Borgen, P. (2014d) John the Witness and the Prologue: John 1:1-34(37), I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 219-238.

Borgen, P. (2014e), Can Philo’s In Flaccum and Legatio ad Gaium be of Help? I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 241-260.

Borgen, P. (2014f), The Appearance to Thomas: Not a blasphemous claim, but the Truth, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 261-274.

Borgen, P. (2014g), Summary: John, Archaeology, Philo, Paul, Other Jewish sources. John’s independence of the Synoptics. Where my journey of research has led, I Borgen, P. (2014), s. 275-294.

Borgen, P. (2014h) Philo – An Interpreter of the Laws of Moses. I Seland, T., (2014). (Red.). Reading Philo. A Handbook to Philo of Alexandria (s. 75-101). Grand Rapids, Mi.: Eerdmans.

Borgen, P. (2016). Alternative Aims and Choices in Education: Analysis of Selected Texts. I Runia, D.T. & Sterling, G.E. (Red.). The Studia Philonica Annual XXVIII 2016/ Studies in Hellenistic Judaism (s. 257-271). Atlanta, Ga: SBL Press.

Borgen, P. (2017). Bread from Heaven. An Exegetical Study of the Concept of Manna in the Gospel of John and the Writings of Philo. The Johannine Monograph Series. Eugene, Oregon: Wipf & Stock, 2017. Reprint of the 1965/1981 editions, with a Foreword by Paul. N. Andersson (ix-xxxiv), and a new Preface by P. Borgen.

Borgen, P. (2018). Perspectives for Mission: Galatians 3:1-14 in Context. I Aune, D.E & Hvalvik, R. (Red.), The Church and Its Mission in the New Testament and Early Christianity. Essays in Memory of Hans Kvalbein. Wissenschaftliche Untersuchungen zum Neuen Testament 404 (s. 181-192) Tübingen: Mohr Siebeck.

“Writing to the Romans: Philo of Alexandria and Paul”

On Monday, February 10, 2020 – 5:30pm to 6:30pm, at Yale Divinity School (409 Prospect Street, New HavenCT) Maren R. Niehoff will give a lecture on

“Writing to the Romans: Philo of Alexandria and Paul.”

I hope this lecture will result in an article too, as many more than those able to attend the lecture will probably be interested in her views concerning Paul and Philo and their relations with Rome.

Maren R. Niehoff is Max Cooper Professor of Jewish Thought at Hebrew University, Israel, and now also a Martin Hengel Fellow at Tübingen University. Her two latest books are Bible Exegesis and Homeric Scholarship in Alexandria (Cambridge 2011, paperback 2014), and Philo of Alexandria: An Intellectual Biography (Yale, 2018).

Larry W. Hurtado 1943-2019

This week I received the news that Larry Hurtado’s fight against his leukemia was over. By his death a good friend, and a brilliant scholar has passed away. He will be greatly missed.

I first met him in the US, at a SBL Annual Meeting, in 1996 0r 1997. I had been following him and his discussions on the then popular Ioudaios listserver; several years later, he started blogging; in fact, he posted his last blogpost on Nov 17th this fall. In 1998 he invited me to Edinburgh as a Visiting Nordic scholar, and I occasionally met him up through the years at various conferences.

His books have been of great interest to me; I especially cherish his One God, One Lord: Early Christian Devotion and Ancient Jewish Monotheism (1988,1998,2015); Lord Jesus Christ(2003, 2005); How on Earth did Jesus become a god? (2005); Destroyer of the gods. Early Christian distinctiveness in the Roman World (2016), and his small volume with the long title: How on Earth did anyone become a Christian in the First Threee Centuries ?(2016). He even published a piece on Philo; you can read that paper here. A lot of other studies by LH can be accessed at his blog.

Larry had a somewhat conservative background. He had served as a pastor, and he had a pentecostal background. When I read his great work (both in size and value) from 2003 on Lord Jesus Christ, and in particular his emphasis on revelatory experiences in the New Testament, I found it very interesting in light of his pentecostal background. However, he never flagged that himself, as far as I know.

It is nice to see the many posts on blogs and Facebook these days, witnessing the impact of Larry Hurtado. He will be remembered and missed.

Prof. Karl Olav Sandnes 65!

Seminar to be held in honor of Professor dr. theol. Karl Olav Sandnes on his 65th birthday at Norwegian School of Theology, Religion and Society, Oslo

Tuesday, Jan 22. 2019:

The topic for the day: The Gospel in the Graeco-Roman World

10.30–11.00 Professor Reidar Hvalvik (MF):
Karl Olav Sandnes – A Presentation

11.00–11.45 Lightfoot Professor of Divinity at Durham University John M. G. Barclay:
Early Christianity, Mission and the Survival of the Poor in the Graeco-Roman World

11.45–12.45 Lunch in the cantina to be bought

12.45–13.30 Rev. Christine Henriksen Aarflot, Ph.D. (Oslo):
Greek Myth as Gospel: Reading C. S. Lewis’s Till We Have Faces

13.30–14.00 Coffee/tea served

14.00–14.45 Associate Professor Glenn Ø. Wehus (MF):
The Gospel according to Epictetus

14.45–15.00 Final thanks

SNTS Meeting in Athens Aug. 7-10.

IMG_0271The yearly SNTS meeting was this year arranged in Athens, Greece. What a wonderful place to have a meeting focusing on New Testament studies. While some might suggest Jerusalem as the place most filled with  symbolism for biblical studies, Athens might come as a good # 2.

In addion to that, the conference found place at the Titania hotel, that with its great restaurant at the top floor provided a magnificent view to the Acropolis and Athens. Three Philo scholars from Norway were attending the meeting, and among them, the doyen of Norwegian Philo studies, prof Peder Borgen. Here you see him seated in the restaurant withtwo of his former doctoral students, prof Per Jarle Bekken to the right (Borgen’s left side), and me on the other side. It was great to have Borgen with us, and to see him – in his age of 90 1/2 years- enjoying and participating in the sessions.

On Saturday 11th, there was an very interesting excursion to Corinth and Epidaurus, a trip also enjoyed by prof Borgen, his wife and two daughters.


The great theatre at Epidaurus

Webpage for K.-G. Sandelin

Prof. em. Karl-Gustav Sandelin has been challenged – and helped – by a grandchild to set up a personal webpage, and here is the nice result:

The page contains a Self-presentation (About Me), a list of Publications, Some Texts, and a possibility of contacting him pr mail/form.

Have a look!

Bruce J. Malina 1933-2017

Bruce.cmalinaThe sad news reached me today that Prof. Bruce J. Malina died yesterday, Aug. 17, at dawn, US time. Malina was professor emeritus at Creighton University, Omaha, USA.

Prof. Malina will probably be remembered by most as one of those who introduced Social Anthropology, or Cultural Anthropology as he called it, into New Testament studies. His books on The New Testament World: Insights from Cultural Anthropology (John Knox Press, 1981 and later), his Christian Origins and Cultural Anthropology. Practical Models for Biblical Interpretation (John Knox Press, 1986), and his (together with Jerome H. Neyrey), Portraits of Paul. An Archaeology of Ancient Personality (Westminster John Knox Press, 1996), are great works that made Social Scientific ways of thinking (along cultural anthropology lines) both relevant and common in New Testament studies. Think about it, who, if any, knew and applied the models of Honor and Shame, Dyadic Personality, Limited Good etc in New Testament studies before they read Malina? When at the peak of his strength-and popularity- he published a flow of articles and books on New Testament Issues. He got a lot of followers, and a group focusing on these issues, the Context Group , was formed in 1986, and is still active (see also here). In 2001 he was honored by a Festschrift: John J. Pilch, ed., Social Scientific Models for Interpreting the Bible.  Biblical Interpretation Series, SBL, Atlanta, 2001, and a bibliography 1967-1999 of his works is available here.

As for my own part, I met prof Malina in 1987, when being a Fulbright professor at the University of Oslo, he visited the University of Trondheim to present some of his work there, and to discuss my own work as a research fellow there. There and then he introduced me to the world of Mediterranean Social anthropology, and in particular to the model of ‘establisment violence/vigilantism’ which I later applied in my PhD dissertation. I remember him as very kind, helpful and genuinely interested in my work, but also as very self-conscious about his work.

In his later years he cherished some unconventional ideas about present day Israelis, Israel and the Palestinian problem. To some extent this might also have influenced some views in his scholarly works.

But I cherish the memories of a Bruce Malina as a scholar who did New Testament studies a great service in introducing issues from Mediterranean social anthropology. The study of the social world of the New Testament, and even of the Bible as a whole, received insights through his works that we all now take for granted.