At the Edinburg Research Center, there is an article available that I might point to here, foususing on the interesting topic: New Testament Studies in the 20th century. It is written by Larry W. Hurtado, and is the pre-publication text of the article, now published in the journal, Religion 39 (2009): 43-57, and available online: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.religion.2008.03.006.
Hurtado starts thus: “Twentieth-century New Testament scholarship is a story of a great proliferation in approaches, emphases and methods, a growing diversity of scholars in gender, ethnicity, geography, and religious stances, and also a greater diversity in the types of academic settings in which their scholarship was conducted than had characterized preceding centuries. One of the most observable changes apparent in the latter decades of the century was the considerably greater salience and influence of North American scholars and issues arising from their work, whereas previously the field was heavily dominated by the work of European (especially German) figures. Another major development was the much greater participation of Roman Catholic scholars, particularly after World War II, this flowering of Catholic biblical scholarship flowing from the Papal Encyclical, Divino Afflante Spiritu (1943). Also, perhaps especially in the North American setting, but also in other locales as well, an increasing number of women obtained doctorates and became significant contributors to the field. In the final decades, there were also indications of a far greater trans-cultural diversity in scholars and approaches, involving figures and developments in Latin America, Asia, and Africa. One way to survey these and other important developments is to take a diachronic approach, and this will be followed here.
If you want to read on, the article is available in this pre-publication form here.